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H 



FROCEBDF 



OF THE 



Twentieth Annual Convention 



AND REUNION 



OF THE 



LOUISIANA DIVISION 



United Confederate Veterans 



HELD IN THE 



CITY OF OPELOUSAS, LA. 



ON 



Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, September 28, 29 and 30, 1 9 1 



THOS, J. SHAFFER, Major-General Commanding, 

L. H. GARDNER, Adjutant-General and 'Chief-of-Staff . 

M. L, COST LEY, Assistant Adjutant-General 









m, 



W* 



MINUTES 



OF THE 



Twentieth Annual Reunion Louisiana Division 

UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERANS 

Opelousas, La., September 28, 29, 30, 1910 



FIRST DAY'S PROCEEDINGS, 

The Twentieth Annual Reunion of the Louisiana Division, 
united Confederate Veterans, was held in Opelousas, La., in 
i lie Courthouse, beginning "Wednesday, September 28, 1910. 



Wednesday, Sept. 28. 

3 P. M. — The ceremonies began at this hour by the Con- 
federate Veterans, the United Sons of Confederate Veterans, 
1 he official ladies, sponsors, maids of honor with their chaperons, 
: 1 1 1 < L visiting friends, assembled at New La Combe Hotel, to 
pxchange greetings, and to be assigned quarters. 

At 7:30 P. M., the United Confederate Veterans and United 
Sons of Confederate Veterans assembled at the Courthouse, with 
the sponsors, maids of honor, and chaperons of their respective 
divisions, when very interesting exercises, interspersed with patri- 
otic songs, were held, for the purpose of conferring badges on 
lite said ladies. The public being invited, a large and appreci- 
Dtive audience was present, and seemed highly entertained. 

At 9 P. M., a most enjoyable reception was tendered the 
two Divisions, their sponsors, maids of honor, and chaperons, 
by Mr. and Mrs. G. II. Cretin, at the New LaConibe, in the 
banquet hall, where delicious refreshments were served, and the 
playing of "Dixie/' •" Bonnie Blue Flag,' 7 and other Southern 
patriotic airs, served to malic every one oblivious to the present, 
and for a few short hours seemed living in the stirring times of 
fifty years ago. 



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SECOND DAY 

Thubsday, Sept. 29 

At 10 A. M., Chairman, Comrade E. T. Lewis, representii 

the Citizens' Entertainment and Reception Committee, with I 

few well-timed, and feeling remarks, called the meeting to 

order. 

"Dixie" was sung with enthusiasm by the entire meeting 
thrilling the audience, which filled the room to its utinosj 
capacity. 

Chairman' Lewis then introduced the Rev. May, who pro- 
nounced the Invocation in a beautiful and eloquent prayer, which 
brought tears to many eyes, as the trials and hardships' of the 
gray-headed Veterans encountered on the field of battle, were 
touched on. 

Song by Opelousas Chorus— "Lorena' '—Beautifully and 
touchingly rendered. 

The Chairman then introduced Comrade, Maj. A. B. An-' 
dersoii, a member of Camp H, E. Lee No. 14, U. C. V., who del 
livered the address of welcome. This gray-haired and distinf 
uished Veteran made his bow before his old comrades in arrnl 
and the assembled inhabitants of Opelousas, amidst great aj 
plause, mid delivered the following eloquent and appropriat 
address; 

ADDRESS OF ^lAJOR A. B. ANDERSON. 

''Ladies and Gentlemen; Comrades: - 

"Were 1 permitted to indulge the sensibilities of my nature! 
.1 would most gladly have shunned the distinguished honor! 
unworthily thrust upon me by my comrades; but as it is 
soldier's duty to obey. I respond to the command of R. E Lea 
Cam]) No. 14, to appear on this occasion in their behalf tJ 
extend you a welcome. Words of welcome are meaningleS 
things, unless accompanied by the warm handclasp, the sinceffl 
heartfelt greeting, the twinkle of the glad eye, and the brighfl 
smile of pleasure. All of which, I assure you, you will receivl 
from the hospitable citizens of the historic old city of OpelousasI 
You will hear eloquent words of -welcome from the lips of hd 
spired orators, which I adjure you to cherish as the emanations] 
of sincere and honest hearts.' For our doors, and arms, aiuf 
hearts, are wide upon to-day to receive with sincere welcomeL 
the guests who have honored us by their presence, the bravest ol 



" 



brave heroes, and the nobloni of gallant gentlemen, the assem 
hied Confederate Vetsrane of the stale of Louisiana. And 
lo the Sons of Confederate Veterans, upon whose shoulders 

imr mantles are soon to fall, and into whose hands and charge 
We shall bequeath, as a rich legacy, the perpetuation of the 
names and deeds of their sires. 

"It is unnecessary to say welcome to the Daughters of the 
Confederacy; they are the brightest jewels in Dixie's crown of 
pflory! The cardinal principle of every Southerner's life is 
honor and affection for the Southland's noble Women — the 
world's fairest, loveliest, and best 

' * Whose hearts are on their lips, and souls within their eyes, 
Soft as their clime, and sunny as their skies.' 

"I will refrain from a special welcome to them, because 
women are the rulers of creation, and are cordially welcomed 
everywhere. My Comrades! I believe in these reunions. They 
are interesting, they are impressive, in any sense to me, enjoy- 
able. The memories aw r akened by these reunions are pure and 
elevating, the promise given is high and ennobling, ennobling 
not only to men and women, who had passed through the 
storm of war, but also, and especially, to persons who were 
unborn two score years ago, they evidence the spirit that sus- 
tained the Confederacy, — the spirit, not of pugnaciousness, or 
belligerency, or sectional animosity, but rather the spirit of 
gentleness, and of courage, and of constancy, — the spirit that 
makes men willing to die. for an idea. You hear it in the glad- 
some voices of the people. It glows in their happy counte- 
nances. It shines from their hopeflu' eyes. Even things in- 
animate, seem for a moment instinct with the temper of the 
hour, as seen by the decorations, flags, and bunting everywhere, 
with the 'Stars and Bars,' and the 'Stars and Stripes,' reflect- 
ing the patriotic spirit that swept over the South nearly fifty 
years ago; the spirit that was quenched, not when the 'Con- 
quered Banner' was furled at Appomattox. It is not per- 
mitted such a spirit to perish. Like the breath of the holy 
man it die not with the prophet, but survives him. It becomes 
translated; and transfused, prompting men and women every- 
where to a wider and wiser humanity. It is to-day the most 
valuable asset that the people of the South bring to a household 
once dissevered, but now happily restored. The South knows 
it; the North feels it ;" the world understands it. It is well 
I hat this truth is everywhere appreciated. Rome built monu- 
ments in honor, alike of Sulla, and. Marius, of Brutus, and of 
Caesar. The 'Red Rose' and the 'White Rose' are now inter- 
twined in the garland of Britain's glory. Britishers love not 



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England the less because their ancestors charged in opposim 
squadrons at Naseby, and Marston Moor, or fought under dm 
ferent flags at Baimoekburn. The most loyal subjects of Ilia 
Austrian Empire are the Hungarians, who fought valiantly 
against Austrian coercion. In all this may be found a lesson 
that he who runs may read, and he who reads it aright will In- 
better for the instruction. In the divine plan, true nobilifl 
of character is not destined to pass into nothingness. The hearffl 
of the South— warm, impulsive, and constant— is purified, ami 
strengthened, by reason of these Confederate reunions. 

"Here have been lighted again fires of patriotism that inj 
cited the fathers, to cross the seas, to settle the new world,] 
to conquer the forest and savage, and to win a continent into thJ 
circle of civilization. The lamp burns in undiminished and] 
undiminishmg brightness. In contemplating this impress™ 
scene, we take fresh. hope, and fresh strength for the work thai 
lies before us. 

"In this wide Southern country of ours, no young Hanni- 
bal has taken an oath of vengeance. On the contrary each son] 
of the South has been taught by his father to love his country! 
and his whole country, with a devotion that no power cain 
ardor for the meteor nag, his courage advanced so high anJ 
so far. The Confederacy is dead. It is a thing of history] 
honored and glorious. The men who made it, and sustainecfl 
it, are, with the quick going years, speedily passing from earth! 
irhey are, as were those who have 'gone before/ literally 
royal race of men, illustrating in life the ideals of true nobli 
ness. The South loved them in 1861, and loves them still. To 
them is due whatever is now of enduring value in our social 
and political life. Understanding who their men are, and whal 
they have done in peace, as well as in war, the South has notfl 
ing for which to apologize. She believes that the late struggh 
between the States was war, and not rebellion; revolution, an 
not conspiracy; and that her convictions were as honest a? 
the North's. The South has, indeed, nothing to take back. 

"The lamented Henry "W. Grady, of Georgia, once sail 
to a New England audience: 'In my native town of Athens ism 
monument that crowns a . central hill — a plain, white shaft! 
Beep cut into its shining side is a name, dear to me above] 
the names of men—that of a brave and simple man, who dieJ 
in brave and simple faith. Not for all the glories of °Ne« 
England, from Plymouth Rock all the way, would I exchangj 
the heritage he left me in his soldier's death. To the foot ol 
that monument I shall send my children's children to revcrcncJ 
him who ennobled their names with his heroic blood. Bui 
Sir! speaking from the shadow of that memory which I honor] 




as I do nothing else on earth, I say that the cause in which 
ho suffered, and Por which ho gave his life, was adjudged by 

;i higher and Puller wisd (loin his. And I am glad that the 

omniscient Go( I held the balance of battle in His almighty 
hand, and that human slavery was swept forever from Ameri- 
can, soil, and the American Union was saved from the wreck 
of war.' 

"This is the sentiment that is cherished by the people of 
the South, by the Confederate Veterans, and the sons and daugh- 
ters of Confederate Veterans. Thank God, no man can change 
the past. Its records are written and sealed, and there can be 
no interlineations, or amendments; "We must open and read 
the pages as they were recorded by Fate. Beyond this we ask 
not to go. The love of truth is one of the noblest impulses 
which can touch the human heart, and by all the glories of the 
past, we demand that the truth shall be known, and declared. 
Any Southern soldier, man or woman, who asks less is a craven, 
and he who takes less is a coward. "With a patience that every- 
where excites admiration, the South waited for a time of vin- 
dication. That time has come. Hundreds of thousands of pages 
have been written to tell the story of Southern conflict, and 
Southern struggle. More will yet be written, more must be 
written. The fnll truth will never be told. "We only ask that 
the fullest possible truth be made known. And, year by year, 
the association, with diminished numbers, but. with increasing 
zeal, demands from every possible source that truth shall be 
gathered. Southern people are willing to go under the lime- 
light of history. There are no stains upon the escutcheon of 
the Confederacy, and the fiercer the light, the more penetrat- 
ing the methods of examination. And the more powerful the 
lens through which the past shall be viewed, the better satis- 
fied will be the people of the South. Through the gloom and 
terrors of four years of conflict, through the horrors of wrongs 
of reconstruction, with its ravages, and its crimes, through the 
days of misrepresentation, and malicious slander of its aets, 
the men and women of the South bore themselves with dignity 
of manner, a peace of soul, and a calmness and consciousness 
of right which commanded the admiration, and respect of foes 
and friends alike. One great duty remains. Its obligations do 
not lessen, but hourly increase. As the Confederate survivors, 
year by year, under the stern laws of nature, and the exactions 
of the great enemy, grow fewer and fewer, and the accelerating 
mortality rate, with its remorseless finger, points to the grave 
as the common goal of all who followed the flag of our nation, 
the sense of duty and obligation should grow apace with the 
briefness of years that are left, and arouse every son and 






daughter of the South to a faithful and prompt performance 
of all that will keep not only untarnished, but radiant, the 
story of who, and what the Confederate people were, and to 
write ineffaccably upon the pages of history the extent, as well 
as the splendor, of Confederate achievement. It is our dutv 
to eollect, preserve, and transmit every detail and incident of 
that sanguinary strife. 

" 'In the future some historian shall come forth, strong 

and wise, 
With a love of the republic, and truth before his eyes. 
He will show the subtle causes of the war between the States, 
He will go back in his studies far beyond our modern dates. 
He will trace our hostile ideas as a miner does his lodes, 
He will show the different habits of different social codes; 
He will show the Union riven, and the picture will deplore, 
He -will show it reunited, and stranger than before. 
Slow and patient, fair and truthful, must the coming 

teacher be, 

To show how the knife was sharpened that was ground to 

prune the tree. 
He will hold the scales of justice, he will measure praise 

and blame, 

And the South will stand the verdict, and stand it without 
blame/ " 

Music. 

WELCOME TO SONS OF VETERANS. 

Honorable R. Lee Garland was introduced, who delivered 
the address of welcome to the United Sons of Confederate Vet-] 
erans in touching, thrilling, and eloquent language. He paid a 
high tribute to the Confederate Veterans, saying that the highest 
honor claimed by him, was that he was a son of a Confederate 
veteran. 

Song— by Opelousas Choir. 

Honorable M. Halphen, Mayor of the City of Opelousas, ; 
extended to the Veterans a cordial and generous welcome; say-j 
ing: "Confederate Veterans, as the head of the City Govern- 
ment of our 'dear old town.' T not only extend you a double 
welcome, but I want In fell you, the town and her people are 
yours to use as you please"; and turning to General Shaffer, I 
of the Louisiana Division, said: "General, I now take pleasure^ 

s 



111 turning over to yon the key, not only of the City of Opelousas, 
but to the hearts of tier people," and thereupon handed General 
Shaffer a large key, beautifully gilded, and decorated with 
ribbons, representing the Confederate colors. 

In accepting this testimonial of the true hospitality of 
the citizens of Opelousas, General Shaffer said: "Mr. Mayor, 
in accepting this key, I do not know how to express my grati- 
Inde, in behalf of the Louisiana Division, XJ. C. V., for this 
evidence of your hospitality. I shall cherish and preserve this 
memento with a great deal of pride; at the same time, Mr. 
.Mayor, it is utterly useless to me, in a material way, because 1 
have not seen a lock on any of the doors in Opelousas, since 
we arrived ; they are all wide open." 

Music. 

The Chairman then introduced Comrade, Major Geo. W. 
Tichenor, President Confederate States Cavalry, Camp 9, XL 
C. V., who delivered the following eloquent response to the 
welcome extended the Veterans: 

"Mr. Commander of Louisiana Division, U. C. V. f Opelousas Pro- 
gressive League, Honorable Mayor of Opelousas, V. S. G. T 7 ., 
U. B. C, Comrades and Friends: 

"It has fallen to my lot to respond to the eloquent addresses 
of welcome to our Comrades in convention assembled. The Lou- 
isiana Division highly appreciates every word uttered by the 
speakers, and our hearts are thrilled at the recital of events 
that stirred the souls of men and women from 1861 to 1865. 
We thank each and every one of Opelousas for his hearty welcome 
of good cheer, and noble impulses. Your smiles lighten our foot- 
steps, and will make our stay with you long to be remembered 
\,y our comrades. 

"Permit me to call attention of Confederate descendants to 
conditions, and the prevailing sentiments that existed in our 
ranks from 1861 to the close of hostilities. As my mind wan- 
ders back to that period, I cannot avoid the question that arises 
in my mind: What manner of man was the Confederate sol- 
dier f 

"My reply: He was the enthusiastic cavalier, without the 
fiery zeal of the fanatic. He was the devoted, loving patriot, 
without suspicion of mercenary motives. He was the tender, 
gentle father, who parted with his prattling infant, as he fihoul- 



dered hia musket and marched away, not with slrrn geshiru 
of the Puritanic stoic, but with the earnest sorrow , »r I lie 
Christian gentleman. He was the Chevalier Bayard of Sonlh. 
era Knighthood, who placed the farewell kiss on (In- pale iorr- 
head of his bride, and tried in vain to cha.se from his own Cafl 
the emblems of keen anguish and regret as he smiled to her wil.li 
confidence and hope. He was the impersonation from whose 
shield shone the bright image of truth. In his heart dwelt tin 
spea&able fondness for his 'Southland; to women he bore him 
self with gallant tenderness. When the bugle called to aims 
m the year 1861, no soldier ever set about a task with such 
alacrity and determination, and when the Confederate Govern- 
rnent sprung into existence, without a ship, a soldier, or a gunl 
without financial credit at home, or commercial standing abroad! 
yet with a full knowledge of all these disadvantages and dif- 
ficulties, the Confederate soldier left his wife or mother, brush- 
ing the tear of love from his manly cheek, and stepped from his 
home of comfort into the firing line of death, with the sunlight 
of high-born courage falsing full in his face, often humming 
the words of that now world-renowned song, 'In Dixie's land 
I'll take my stand, to live and die in Dixie,' and thus nof 
counting the cost, nor the consequence, putting his trust in 
his God, he marched and fought like a hero by day, and by nigh! 
in storm and sunshine. 

"Can you find his parallel in all the history of the ages! 
Six men m the Confederate army at the close of the war, fight- 
ing against twenty-eight men of the Federal armv, until com- 
pletely exhausted— not conquered, for that word is not in tin 
lexicon of chivalry of our manhood. His return to his deso- 
late home, his slaves free, his plantations laid waste, with the 
very sky hungry above his head, and the earth as it were parched 
beneath his feet, he did not give up in despair, but took up his 
new task, making the most orderly and law-abiding citizen, 

! 'Thc four years of battle strife and bloodshed could not 
corrupt his incorruptible heart— you could not make a rufnian 
of the Southern gentleman. He took his rightful place atl 
the head oi the civic procession, encouraged every enterprise for 
the upbuilding of his blackened and ruind home ' and country. 

" 'Thus, from the crosses of war, came heroes to wear the! 
civic crowns.' The civil war over, the record is being made up J 
the judgment of history is being declared, and published with 
here and there a discordant note. The voice of history prol 
nounees eulogism on the Confederate soldier, whose fame is bel 
ing perpetuated by the erection of monuments all over thl 
Southland. It is said, and I believe it, 'A countrv without 
monuments is devoid of heartfelt sentiment.' 

10 



''Again, ;io address Erom n Confederate soldier would be 
incomplete without grateful acknowledgment to the noble women 
of the South. They were truly our companions, our support, 
our guardian angels during that long, weary, and bloody period 
of the war. Their graces, their courage, their constancy, their 
prayers, lightened our difficulties, relieved our trials, and as- 
suaged even the humiliation of our defeat. God help them for 
their patience with which they endured privations., and the cheer- 
fulness with which they gave up luxuries for the cause they 
loved. Who can describe her conduct during the wonderful 
drama of a thousand bloody battlefields? 

' ' The Confederate sword broken and bloody, but not dis- 
honored, and our shield, though battered and bent, yet un- 
tarnished, hang in the 'Temple of Fame,' as so many bruised 
monuments to the valor, sacrifice and patriotism of the Con- 
federate soldier. 

"Again, when the storm clouds shut out the bright sunshine 
of our country's peace and concord, we made in our Southland 
a determined effort to preserve the precious instrument, the 
warrant of Columbia's liberty, when the new Government, born 
at Montgomery and cradled at Richmond, set up its standard 
with the same instrument which we had received of our fathers, 
yet pure, chaste, unsullied of the unseemly blemisli put upon 
it elsewhere by a selfish sectionalism. 

"Small wonder is it, indeed, that in the smoke of battle 
the Stars and Stripes, and Stars and Bars often lost their 
identity, and we were mistaken for each other. Both stood for 
essentially the same Constitution with this difference: That as 
the bars of our banner were broader than the stripes of the 
Union flag, so we had and upheld a broader view of the Con- 
stitution, and maintained it in its pristine purity. Consequently, 
as the noxious vapors of animosity were slowly, yet surely, dis- 
pelled by the warm sunshine of subsequent events, commingling 
with a better knowledge after the dust of neglected preception 
was brushd from the pages of our history, the impugning of our 
motives was laid aside, and contumely gave place to credence, 
self-confidence yielded to a broader wisdom. Our friends of 
the North conceded the strict constructionist was right, and 
our beloved country took her place among the willing nations, 
heir greater, grander, than was pictured in the most extrava- 
gant fancy of the American of the old days. 

"For our steadfast, faithful tenacity, in holding to the 
proper and true construction through all the years: for this, 
if for nothing else, the Confederate soldier is worthy of a wel- 
come, clear, clean, and unalloyed, by all true Americans. The 
love, and loyalty which the Confederate soldier gave to the 

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Lost Cause and to the defeated banner, is a demonstration 
oh the deep hold that our cause had upon the hearts of South- 
em people, and of the absolute sincerity and complete devotion 
with which they supported it; but it is no evidence of unmanly 
and fruitless repining over defeat, nor of any lurking disloyalty 
to our present government. 

"What more did the Confederate soldier see and witness? 
V\e saw our banner go down with breaking hearts, when our 
idolized leader sheathed his sword at Apponattox, the world 
grew dark to us : We felt as if the sun had set in blood to rise 

wX' '^ f ? u hG found ^^ of the earth was sinking 
beneath our very feet, but that stainless hero, whom we had fol- 
lowed with unquestioning devotion, taught us not despair. He 
/ reltw ?g e Part of , Wc ™* to accept defeat without 

S- TT UmaU 7 1 ?™' he sa]d > ' shoilld b * equal to human 
calamity Pie pointed upward to the star of duty, bade us fol- 
low it asbravely in peace as we had in war. Henceforth it should 
peritv e0nSe<3rated duty t0 rebuild thG f ^en vails of our proj 

"We have done more than bare our breast to the foe- 
nun, s steel, we have shown to the world hov defeats of war 
■nay be turned into victories of peace. We have taught man- 

v n ,n°,I a Pr °" d f f aee *V sustain <M«Bter, aid yet survive and 
V *PP"Wwe of the world, even through fou? years of reeon- I 
struetioii so much more bitter than the four jears of war At 
last, out of the depths of the bitter flood of reconstruction. Com- 
rades, the South emerged through your fortitude, through your 
patience, through your courage, more beautiful than e-er Ml 
the .Southern States honor you in your old age; they will 
ever cherish the memory of your datk, and will hand down a 
priceless heirloom to their children's 7 children. 

C"We are not pensioners on the bounty of the government; 
your manhood is not sapped by eating the bread of dependence 
mouth. The world salutes you as the nobility of our Southland 
Our deeds have carved for us a place in the temple of fame 
they will not be forgotten; the world will not forget them. 

" Comrades, we realize our ranks are thimed. Each year 
brings us nearer our Eternal Home, one after another of" our 
comrades are saying farewell as the Ahgel of God calls the 
soul beyond the river. Many of our comrades sleep under the 
green sod in this vicinity, and' while the portals of the grave 
are closed over them, it seems to me at this moment I hear 
voices calling back sweeter than music saying they are not 
*..ead, but sleeping the sleep of heroes until Goc calls them into 

12 






Mis sterna] camping ground, where the assembled angels will 
hear the verdict proclaimed: 'What Manner of Man Was the 
Confederate Soldier?' " 

Sony — by Opelousas Chorus. 

Honorable P: C. Claiborne was then introduced, who re- 
sponded to the welcome, on behalf of the United Sons of Confed- 
erate Veterans, in an appropriate and eloquent manner.- 

Music. 

Chairman Lewis then, in appropriate remarks, turned the 
Convention over to Major General Thomas J. Shaffer, who 
assumed the chair, amidst great applause, and called the Con- 
vention to order. 

General Shaffer welcomed his comrades in arms, and con- 
gratulated them that they were present in such large numbers 
at this, their Twentieth Annual Reunion, and expressed his 
gratitude to them for their loyal support of his administration. 

The first order of business was reading of the minutes of 
the previous convention at Alexandria, September 9th and 10th. 
1909. 

On motion, duly seconded, it was resolved that the reading 
of same be dispensed with, and that they be approved as pub- 
lished, which was passed unanimously. 

The Major General then announced the Committees on Cre- 
dentials and Resolutions as follows: 

COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. 

Comrade M. L. Costley, Chairman. 
Comrade Thos. Higgins. 
Comrade O. D. Berwick. 
Comrade W. I*. Dixon. 
Comrade Sam Haas. 

COMMITTEE ON RESOLUTIONS. 

Comrade, General A. B. Booth, Chairman. 
Comrade, General J, A. Prudhomme. 
Comrade, Lieutenant Colonel "W. W. Leake. 
Comrade, Major S. R. TTannonson. 
Comrade, Major Paul DeClouet. 

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820167 



On motion toy Comrade A. B. Booth, duly seconded, it Van 

unanimously resolved that all resolutions be referred to the 
Committee on Resolutions without being read. 

In order to give time to the Committee on Credentials to 
report, it was resolved that the Convention do now adjourn for 
dinner, and reassemble at 2 ;30 P. M. 

Promptly at 2 :30 P. M. the Convention was called to order 
by the Major General commanding. 

The Committee on Credentials reported as follows:' 

"Opelousas, La., Sept. 28 ; 1910. 

"To Major General Titos. J. Shaffer, 
" Commanding Louisiana Division, 
"U.. C. V. Convention, 
"Opelousas, La.-. 

"Your Committee on Credentials respectfully report that 
we have carefully examined the "Credentials of the following 
Camps, and find that twenty-four (24) Camps have paid their 
dues, have delegates present, and are entitled to representation 
in this Convention, and a quorum present : 

Camp No. 1— Army of N Virginia 2 votes 

Camp No. 2^Gen. LeRoy Stafford 2 " 

Camp No. 9— Vet. Conf. States Cav 2 " 

Camp No. 6 — Jeff. Davis 2 " 

Camp No. 14— R'. E. Lee 2 il 

Camp No. 17 — Baton Rouge 2 " 

Camp No. 40 — Natchitoches * 2 

Camp No. 78- — Amite City 2 Ci 

Camp No. 110 — Isaiah Norwood 2 " 

Camp No. 182— Hy. "W. Allen 2 ' ' 

Camp No. 247— Fred N. Ogden 2 Ci 

Camp No. 409— Louden Butler * * " 2 " 

Camp No. 345— Florian Corhay ■■' 2 " 

Camp No. 545— Genl. T, M. Sebtt ' 2 " 

Camp No. Sol — Hy. Gray 2 ( '" 

Camp No. 58Q— Genl. Prank Gardner . . / ...//. 2 " 

Camp No. ,607— Vermillion * 2 " 

Camp No. 798— "W. Feliciana ..... 2 il ' ' 

Camp No. 490— Hy. Gray 2 » 

Camp No. 196 — Braxton Bragg . . 2 " 

Camp No. 134 — Alcibiades DeBlanc 2 iC 

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( lamp No. 1332— New Roads, Lfi 2 " 

Camp No. 1185-rS. E. Hunter 2 " 

< lamp No. 1272— Ohas. J. Batchelor 2 " 

24 Camps 48 fl 

' * Respectfully submitted, 

"IVL L. COSTLBY, Chairman. 
"THOS. HIGGINS, 
"O. D. BERWICK, 
" W.P.- DIXON, 
' ; SAM 'L HAAS." 
Comrade M. L. Cbstley, Chairman, moved that the report 
be accepted, which was duly seconded and adopted. 

The Committee on Resolutions asked for further time, until 
7 :30 P. M., when they would make a partial report. 

The Veterans adjourned until 7:30 P. M. t to enable this 
committee to submit a report, and to accept an invitation from 
I he United Sons of Confederate Veterans, to visit them in 
convention assembled at the Auditorium where they were re- 
ceived with great honor. 

NIGHT SESSION, 7 :30 P. M. 

Convention called to order by the Commander at 7 :30 P. M., 
when Comrade E. F. Konkie, of Camp* No. 1, Army of Northern 
Virginia, moved that the 'Rules be suspended, and a committee 
be appointed^ invite and escort Governor J. Y. Sanders to ad- 
dress the convention, which was duly seconded and adopted. 

The Chairman appointed on said committee: 

Comrades E. F, Konkie and B. T. Walsh, who retired, and in 
a few minutes returned, accompanied hy the Governor. He 
was received by the Veterans and vast assembly, standing, with 
great applause. Governor Sanders was introduced by the "Com- 
mander, who addressed the Veterans, taking for his subject, 
" Patriotism. ?; 

PATRIOTIC ADDRESS BY LOUISIANA'S GOVERNOR. 
''Confederate Veterans, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

"I want to thank you and the organization of the Confed- 
erate Veterans for having- so kindly extended me an invitation 
to be with you to-night. I came to Opelousas primarily because 
[ belong to the .younger branch of the order. I am a member 
m good standing of the United Sons of Confederate Veterans, 

15 



* 






and I always make it a rule to attend their hireling wh< 
invited. This evening I was invited to be' with yon and addregj 
you, and I esteem it a high honor indeed to be asked by the 
Confederate Veterans to be with them, and talk to them on thin 
occasion. 

''There are a great many things in life, life's philosophy, in 
the thought and sentiment that must ever cling around thd 
hearts of mankind, but the most dominant thing that different]! 
.ates man, the reasoning animal, from all creation is the love of 
home, the love of family, and the love of country, Patriotism 
is thought by many to be the finest sentiment the heart in 
capable of, We people of the South have many things to bq 
proud of: When wo read the history of this country we men] 
and women of the South can and do take pride in everything 
that has been done by Southern men and Southern womanhood 
from the earliest period of the colonies down to the present, 
when our Nationa stands the mightiest on God's green foot-j 
stool. . "We Southern people are proud — not only of our conn J 
try and section, but of the traits, of character that have ev3 
predominated in Southern breasts. This country of ours, theso] 
United States, owes more to Southern brain and bravery thaia 
it will ever be able to repay. Looking at the' question coldly 
and dispassionately, if there is a United States of America toi 
day, if the Declaration of Independence is a living, breathing 
fact that has carried a message of peace and good will to down-'] 
trodden people of all the world, then it. is true likewise that il 
is the product of a Southern mind, Thomas Jefferson. And the 
product of his brain would have been rendered as of nought ha<3 
it not been, for the sword of George Washington, who made! 
the Declaration of Independence a breathing, living fact. - 

"Almost without interruption from the beginning of thiffl 
country of ours, down to 1860, her destinies were guided bj| 
Southern men, her policies were shaped by Southern Statesj 
men, and the principles of government of those days stand ni 
clear and concrete forms, showing justice and equal rights toi 
all. They were the products of the men who guided the" counJ 
try in that day and generation, and they were Southern meal 
This was the Confederacy of Southern States. The States went 
into the Union voluntarily, and under the law the States had 
the right to go out whenever they saw fit to do so; That is M 
principle of law no man ever refuted nor can ever refute. When] 
in 1860, you gentlemen, you men of the South went out- of tltoj 
Union, following the action of Louisiana, you did that which 
you both had a moral and legal right to 'do. ■ That ■ question! 
was submitted to the arbitrament of the sword, and the battle! 

16 



wore decided against the Confederates, bnt nowhere i.s il, writ- 
ten in the morals of mankind that might made right. And be- 
iMiisc (iOO.OOO Southern nieti worst themselves out against a world 
in arms, that does not argue that the cause for which you 
fought was not just, neither does it prove that the Constitu- 
tion gave you no right to do what. you did do. Be- that as it 
may, the brightest page of American history is that page devoted 
to the valor, .and the bravery, and the fortitude of Southern' 
men and women from '61 to '65. 

"There is nothing in all the annals of time that chal- 
lenges the admiration of the impartial reader as the struggles 
of those gray-clad figures ? who, for four years, followed the 
stars and bars under the leadership of Lee and Jackson, For- 
rest and Beauregard, until their very victories brought defeat. 
I.t is ever written in human blood, and as I have said to my 
young friends a thousand times, (it is not necessary to say it 
to you who fought and bled and died for the South), we who 
belong to the younger generation ought to approach the ques- 
tion of that struggle with uncovered heads, and with bared feet, 
;ts in the presence of holy ground, because whatever our actions 
are in the matter, we must write ours and our fathers' deeds 
by what their sons think and feel. And my father was one of 
the men who answered the call, and shouldered his musket, and 
marched forth to battle beneath that flag, and I say that when 
he did it, he did it because he thought it was right, and not 
because of any question whether his State should or should not 
have stayed in the Union. Once Louisiana left there was no 
course open to my father save to join the Confederate army, and 
right to maintain what our and his State had done, and in the 
doing of it he was no traitor. When he joine dthe army and 
fought for his State, he fought for that which he had a right 
to fight for. 

"When the war was over, when you came back home 
crushed beneath overwhelming numbers, when President, and 
Court, and triumphant bayonet alike were on the side of the 
North, there was not a single man of the South convicted of 
rebellion against the Union, for they could not do it. There 
was no rebellion, no treachery, and the Supreme Court of the 
United States would have discharged any man upon any writ 
of error that any jury in the North would have convicted, 
therefore natural it would be this solemn thought, never to for- 
get that your father fought for what was right. He went to 
the war because he had the legal and moral right so to do. He 
fought for his State as he should, have fought. There is no 
man in the world who honors and reveres the deeds of valor done 

-" 17 



■ L 



on. a thousand battlefields by our Confederals wires more Umn I, 
but there is another chapter in the life of the Confederals sohlior 
more glorious than any thing he" ever did on the buttlnfinhl, 
There is not a race in- the world that won't fight and die en 
the battlefield in defense of home, family and country, but il, 
is not every race of men that have the courage to face' doftml;, 
and out of the ehaos of that .defeat to snatch victory itself, 
And the way I love to look at the Confederate soldicr'i's ai!l;ei' 
his deeds of valor have been done, after he had worked" wil.h 
Beauregard and Forrest, after he had charged with Jackson, 
and marched with Lee and the rest— I oive to regard liim 
when at last the flag was furled; when he came back home af'l.or 
Idenchmg the South with his blood, and found poverty whero 
there had been plenty, ehaos where there had been order; found 
the fabric of his Government turned upside down; .when ho 
faced the new conditions, and the new surroundings with n 
bravery far greater than he had every shown upon the battle 
field, and on the wreck of the South built the splendid Empiro 
that we, their sons, enjoy to-day. ' 

"I love to picture to myself the thoughts in your mind 
when the servile race was placed upon the top— when the hot- 
torn became the top. When you, a superior man, made so by 
trod himself, was placed beneath the feet of the recently imported 
savage from Africa. I shudder to think of the awful curse 
that damaged the South from 1860 until 1876, and I love to glory 
m the manhood that against the triumphant Government itself 
gritted its teeth, and said, by the eternal gods, this Southland Is 
ours and our children's and by the eternal we will redeem it ami 
give it hack to the white people where it belongs. That is where 
I love to picture my father, down in Vicksburg; that is whero 
1 love to thmk of the old Confederate soldier, because many a I 
nation and race is great in the charge, but it is poor in -ttffl 
retreat. Many a nation, and many a race can triumphantly 
charge to the mouth of the roaring cannon itself, but cannot 
withstand adversity, and with our people of South upon the 
eight years succeeding the war, they showed the mettle of which 
they were made, and which wrote their names high ou the walls 
of tame, a thought that should be a priceless heritage to us their 
children. 

"To you Confederate Veterans. I love to say it I have held I 
every office m the gift of the people of this State— I have had 
every title that the people of Louisiana could give me and God 
knows from the bottom of my heart I thank them and yet j 
there is a title I have not gotten from them that I love better! 
than Senator, Governor, or anything else, and that is that I j 

18 



can say I urn the son of' a Confederate veteran. I got that, 
not from you, but from my fattier. I am proud of that because 
il; shows that my father could do what he thought was right, 
no matter what the consequence might be; that he could give up 
a, life of each and comfort, and go out with you, his comrades, 
In fight and bleed, and if need be die, not for conquest, not. 
for glory, not for reward, but for principle, for the right of 
self-government that our old Teutonic fathers handed^ down 
from the fields of Germany. 

"There was not a drop of Southern blood that was spilled 
in vain. When the people can give to the world a Lee, a Jack- 
son, a Forrest, and a Beauregard, then all the blood that was 
shed gloriously, if for no other reason than that we can say 
ours is the highest type of man the world has seen. 

"My friends, we are all of us proud of you. Perchance 
some of you may think, and justly so, that all that should have 
been done has not been done. I am not here to-night to say to 
you that everything that ought to have been done for the Con- 
federate soldiers has been done, but I am here to say that I 
have tried to do and have clone more than has been accom- 
plished in the past. There is one work that has been undertaken 
that I believe of the greatest importance, that is to perpetuate 
for generations the true roll and history of those who did die 
for the South. I left that matter to the camps, and I appointed 
a man to make that list who was recommended to me by every 
Confederate Veteran Camp in Louisiana save two, and I am here 
to say to you men of the Confederacy, if you are satisfied with 
General Castleman's work, I am, I appointed him on your 
recommendation; he is your appointment; and I believe he is 
doing good work, but if this organization tells me he is not, he 
will not stay there two minutes after I get the word from 
the Confederate Veterans of Louisiana. 

"I know to-day that the pensions in this State are small, 
but they are larger to-day than they have ever been in the 
history of Louisiana. I know the pension board is meeting in ' 
Baton Rouge now for the purpose of appropriating the extra 
amount of money that the Legislature gave them. It is not 
enough— God knows it is not enough. There is nothing in the 
power of mankind that can do enough for the Confederate 
veteran— nothing that can compensate what he did for us. And 
when a Confederate veteran receives a pension, I want it to be 
distinctly understood that I feel in my heart, and I am' sure 
this whole Southland feels that way, that he is not getting 
anything in the way of charity— he is getting that which it is 



\ 

"& 



his right to get. He gave his best in him to the State, and tlip 
State o 



him 



something in return. We all make mistakes, wq 
all make mistakes, friends. I have heard it charged and head in 
history that it was a mistake that Washington was not caj 
tared after the battle of Bull Run. I have heard that • it was a 
mistake not to have used the famous flank movement at Shiloh, 
and we to-day in Louisiana, of course we make mistakes ; but* 
I believe I can speak for the great young manhood of this Statu 
when I say that any mistake made with regard to you and 
yours does not eome from the heart; it may be a mistake from 
the hear, because I. believe I know something of 'public senti- 
ment in Louisiana, and I don't believe there is a man in tho 
State that does not want to do everything that is possible foffl 
the Confederate Veterans in every way. 

tc My ■ friends, members of this splendid organization, can 
I speak you one further word — I have spoken of the Union 
and the South, can I say one word for this, my State and yours 1 
Louisiana has gone through many trials and tribulations, her 
lot in the sisterhood of the States has not been a bed of rosea, 
but there has never been a time in history that her manhood 
tind womandhood did not rise to meet any obstacle that was for 
her uplifting or moral welfare. I say I believe the people oa 
the State, no matter what they think of you or me, I" believe 
the great heart of the people of Louisiana beats for Louisiana's] 
welfare; that the great heart of Louisiana's people keep step -ffl 
music of better things, and I believe from the bottom of my heart 
that we young men of the State look to you, our fathers, wheal 
we have set forth in life to try to do our duty as we see it,; 
no matter what the consequence may be, taking as example the! 
glorious view that you yourselves did when you did what youj 
thought was right, no matter what the consequence. I believe] 
from the bottom of my heart that Louisiana is coming to better 1 
things. There is no one of us but what is prout of her splendid* 
past, and who rejoices in her present. We want to work td| 
gether for a common purpose, towards a common end, remem-j 
bering that men have always differed, remembering that men 
will always differ. But let us give to the other that which wJ 
claim for ourselves, honesty of purpose, sincerity of convie-1 
tipn, and let us as Louisiannians fight our battles whatever they] 
may be out on the other hand. But when the welfare of Lou-1 
isiana, when her moral uplift is involvedfi let every man inl 
Louisiana cry out the slogan lines, ' l Highlanders, shoulder the] 
musket for Scotland." Shoulder anything and everything that 
goes to make a better Louisiana." 

20 



General A. B. Booth, Chairman of the Committee on Reso- 
lutions; asked to submil a partial report of the committee, as 

follows : 



Resolution No. 1 — Comrade W. W. Leake of Camp No. 798: 

"Resolved, that the resolution passed at Alexandria, Sept. 
10, 1909, fixing the basis of representation for the Gamps of this 
Division, be amended and re-enacted to read as follows : 

"The representation of the various Camps at their annual 
convention of the Division shall be by delegates as -follows: 

"One delegate for every twenty (20) active members in 
good standing in the Camp, and one additional for a fraction 
of ten (10) members, provided every Camp in good standing 
shall be entitled to at least two delegates; provided, also, that 
no delegate shall hold or vote more than one proxy." 

Favorable report Sept. 29, 1910. 

A. B. Booth, Chairman, moved that the report be received; 
and the resojjttioM fr^ofited^di idtL^^s duly seconded and ap- 
p ro>&d^tman i m oi isly . 



• Resolution No. 2— By Comrade A. B. Anderson, of Camp 1 

" Whereas, there has been insubordination on the part of 
some members of the Army of Tennessee Camp No. 2, U. C. V., 
and of some of the members of Washington Artillery Camp No. 
15, U. C. V, 

"And Whereas, this insubordination has led to various 
publications in the public prints of the city of New Orleans and 
State, inspired by these misled veterans, which publications 
were so inaccurate and unjust as to mislead those of our com- 
rades and the public, who are not fully informed ; therefore, the 
Louisiana -Division, in convention assembled, believes that it 
is our duty to place a fair and truthful account of the contro- 
versy before the members of our organization and the public. 
Therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That the following statement represents the 
facts as they appear to this convention; facts which we declare 
that every comrade and the public at large should be made ac- 
quainted with:' 

"At the Shreveport Convention, Oct. 8 and 9, of 1907. 
Comrade T: W. Castleman was unanimously elected Commander. 
At the same convention Washington Artillery Camp No. lo, or 
which General Behan is president, introduced a resolution, 

21 






, 



directing 'That our united efforts be now directed towards 
raising the balance of the; fund' to complete the Beauregard 

monument And another i resolution was introduced by I he 
Army of Northern Virginia directing that the incoming coin 
mander use his best efforts 'towards having a bill passed, author- 
izing a record of the names of all who participated in the war 
between the States, and who enlisted from this State, with 1.1m 
command in which he served, date of enlistment and discharge.' 
In obedience to the mandate of the convention, Commander 
Castleman went before the appropriation committee of the Legis- 
lature June IS, 1908, and urged both of these measures. Im- 
mediately upon his return to New Orleans, the president of the 
Jeff Davis Monument Association, and Captain Lewis Guion 
upbraided Commander Castleman for urging the Beauregard 
■ monument appropriation, and demanded .that he withdraw what 
he had asked for, for the Breauregard monument, to the extcnl 
of demanding that whatever appropriation was made, should 
be divided between the Beauregard and Davis monuments, 
which Commander Castleman could not do under the resolu- 
tion of the Shreveport Convention, introduced by General 
Behan's own Camp. Upon Commander Castleman^ refusing 
to do this, the president of the Davis Monument Association, 
and Captain Lewis Guion, said they would, and did begin, a 
fight before the appropriations committee against our Beau- 
regard appropriation, and; neither monument got any appro- 
priation from the Legislature of 1908, on account of this oppo- 
sition. This fight appears to have ben the result of a division 
among our ladies' organizations, in which one wing of them 
began an active canvass for a Louisiana monument to Presi- 
dent Davis, .before we could complete our Beauregard raonuj 
tftent, and in which General Behan sides against the instruejj 
tions of -the Shreveport Convention, by resolution introduced 
by his own Camp, This ,was the beginning of the n^'ht on] 
General Castleman. and appears to have been inspired by the 
rivalry among our ladies' organizations, which resulted in' divi- 
sion in their ranks, and was thus brought into ours. 

MONROE CONVENTION. 

"On Oct. 3 5<, 1908, our division met pursuant to call at 
Monroe, La. At this convention Captain J. W. Gaines acted 
as Adjutant, and upon roll call announced that there was 
not a quorum persent, and that, therefore, no business could 
be transacted, and Commander Castleman adjourned the con-i 
vention to the next day, hoping to get a quorum; when again, 

22 



Acting Adjutiinl (initios called the mil, and stated no quorum, 
and the convention had to adjourn to a date when a quorum 

could be bad, On this very day, the 16th of October, the repre- 
sentative of Washington Artillery Camp No. 15, Adjutant Sump- 
ler Turner, was in Monroe, and his presence could have made a 
quorum of delegates, yet he did not attend. 

/'After adjournment, and while yet on the ground, Past 
Commander Prudhomme asked a number of the delegates their 
views as to wdien to call another convention, and they all ex- 
pressed the opinion that it would be unwise to do so until the 
regualr time for the next convention. Subsequently, Captains 
Gaines and Guion demanded that the Commander call a con- 
vention to meet in the city of New Orleans, to elect a Major 
General. Commander Castleman stated that he would not take 
the responsibility without consultation, and called his personal 
staff to meet on Dec. 3, 1908, to consult with them. At this 
meeting a motion directing the Commander to call the conven- 
tion to meet in New Orleans in the month of January was in- 
troduced by Captain Lewis Guion, and seconded by Captain 
J. W. Gaines, and voted down by. the staff. Then the motion 
directing the Commander to communicate with the officers of 
the canips, asking their wishes as to holding an adjourned 
convention, was passed without objection, fourteen members of 
the staff being present.. .The camps and officers were asked. 
Out of forty.two camps iu good standing, thirty-six replied, and 
of these twenty-six favored not calling a meeting until the reg- 
ular time in 1909, seven favored an early call, three said it was 
immaterial, but if called they would attend themselves. These 
replies were made by the officers, and in many eases by reso- 
lutions of the camps. Our State by-laws provide that 'Special 
meetings of the division shall be called when a majority of the 
camps of the division in good standing shall so request.' Tinder 
tire circumstances, Commander Castleman again called his staff 
together for consultation, and there were sixteen members pres- 
ent, on the 7th day of January. 1909, Captain Gaines being 
one of them. The whole matter being considered, the staff ad- 
vised that 'as the camps of the division had spoken, that Gen- 
eral Castleman should hold over until the next annual reunion." 

"On the 10th day of January, 1909, Captain Gaines re- 
signed from the staff, after haying participated in both of these 
staff meetings, and on the 12th of January, 1909, Captain Louis 
Guion resigned' from the staff, after having participated in the 
staff meeting of Dec. 3, 1908.' On the 11th of January, 1909, 
Commander Castleman laid the whole matter before the divi- '& 
sion in General Orders No. 6, and these general orders were 

23 



sent to every camp and staff officer of the division, ■.-.: 
commanders of every department and division in the federa- 
tion., the latter accompanied by a letter asking their opinion, 

COURSE APPROVED. 

"On the 23rd of March, 1909, General Castleman again 
consulted his staff, eighteen members being present when they 
unanimously advised that no special convention be called unless 
a majority of the camps so request.' 

"At this meeting the opinion of the commanding officers of 
the departments and divisions indorsing General Castleman'^ 
course, were presented as follows, viz: From Generals J. M 
Gordon South Carolina; Stick Boiling, Virginia; Robert White 
West Vn-grnia; A. C. L. Gatewood, West Virginia; George W 
^on pepartment of Tennessee, now Commander-in-chief 
w V S* 8 ' Tennessee; John P. Hickman. Tennessee; John 
Hugh, McDowell, Tennessee; Robert J. McGill, Florida; George 
1 . Harrison Alabama; Louis J. Young, Georgia; W. A. Milton, 
Kentucky; W. L. Cabell, Transmission Departmena; J. W 
Halliburton, Missouri; James P. Smith, Arkansas; William M 
Cross, Oklahoma; John ThreadgiJl, Oklahoma ; Paul A Fnez" 
Montana; William. C. Harrison, Pacific Division; Louis Tie- 
mann Pacific Division; Albert Estopinal, Louisiana Division- 
J. Alpnonse Prudhomme, Louisiana Division; John McGrath 
Louisiana Division, and many others, besides nearly all of the 
camps and staff officers of Louisiana, extracts from which were 
sent out to every camp in the State in circular letter giving 
an account of the staff meeting of March 23, 1909, 

"On June 3, 1909 3 memorial services were held at the 
cemeteries m New Orleans, and the committee in charge would 
not mvite General Castleman, the Commander of his division 
and his staff: to participate, although it had always been the cus- 
tom to invite the division through its commander Thus was a 
gratuitous affront offered the Commander of the division. 

"The insubordination of Camp 15, under command of Geiv 
eral Behan, was shown by his refusal to go into the procession 
with the Louisiana Division, and placing his command with 
the Virginia Division at the Memphis Reunion, June 1909 
The commanding officer of the Virginia Division disclaims any 
invitation having been extended to General Behan or his camp. 
"At the Mobile Reunion General Behan, with his delega- 
tion from Washington Artillery Camp No. 15, v,^ again in 
insubordination from the fact that lie importuned General J. 

24 




Thompson Brown, commanding the Virginia Division, to per- 
mit him and his delegnl ion to take position in the parade 
behind the R. B. Lee Camp of Richmond, Va., when he bad al- 
ready been informed by General Harrison, the grand marshal 
of the parade, that he would have no position in the parade 
unless he went with the Louisiana Division. 

"At the convention held at Alexandria, Sept. '9 and 10, 
1909, Camp No. 2, then entitled to twelve votes in our con- 
vention, sent oniy one delegate. Captain J. W. Gaines, to repre- 
sent it, and sent him instructed not to pay dues or participate 
in the convention until after there was a quorum present, with- 
out their twelve votes, thus again trying to prevent a quorum. 
Is this the spirit in which our conventions are to be held? Is 
not this especially reprehensible when our laws required one- 
half of the delegates of the division to make the quorum, and 
this camp, the largest in the State, having twelve votes, re- 
fuses to assist in making a quorum ? If we had lacked one vote 
of a quorum, would they not have gone home, with their twelve 
votes, and prevented a convention? When the Committee on 
Credentials reported a quorum present, Captain Gaines made 
his statement and offered to pay dues. The matter was referred 
to the Committee on Crdentiais, which committee, on a unani- 
mous report, recommended that the dues be refused, as too 
late to admit a representation in that convention. Is it sur- 
prising that the convention unanimously sustained this com- 
mittee'? 

CARRIED TO MOBILE. 

"The question of whether or not a camp can participate 
in the grand conventions, or be assigned a position in tlie 
parade, without coming through, its State division, where such 
division exists, came up for discussion at Mobile, This ques- 
tion was fully discussed in Committee on Resolutions, with a 
member from each State, and this eommittee 7 by a unanimous 
report, introduced a resolution which, after ample discussion. 
was passed by the Mobile convention without a dissenting vote, 
interpreting our laws to mean that no camp can get into the 
National Convention except through the State division, where 
such division exists: We then had a right to expect that Camps 
2 and 15 would consider the matter settled, and either come back 
into the division, or else sever their connection, and leave the 
command to pursue its .work in peace. Now, since they are- out, 
we can only hope that they may yet see that it is best for our 
historical work that we should all be united, as we pass away 
and leave only our history and traditions behind us. 

25 






11 



fter the Shreveport Convention muti-uctcd our 

uaander to secure an act authorizing a commission of record! 
Camp No. 2 indorsed General Gastleman for that position. Mm 
was appointed by the Governor, without compensation, and 
worked faithfully, and finally an appropriation was made || 
carry out the work of compiling a list of all those who servoffl 
.in the Confederate Army. 

"'After General Castleman had begun this work, and per 
formed services for a year and a half without compensation 
our patriotic Governor, J. Y. Sanders, seeing the necessity of 
completing the work, recommended an appropriation, and (JI 
Legislature appropriated $12,000 to complete the work, giving 
the commissioner very reasonable compensation therefor. ' Ami 
now Camps 2 and 15 are trying to discredit' his work. Do J 
this come with good grace? When Captain Louis Guion was 
an applicant for an appointment as Vicksburg Park CommiS 
sioner/ which pays, we believe, over $3,000 per year, General 1 
Castleman, then Commander, gave an official indorsement- of 
our division to help Captain Louis Guion get the position, which 
we were all glad to see a Confederate veteran get. And Cap- 
tain J. "W. Gaines holds a position as custodian of Memorial Hall. 
which pays $900 or over a year, and we are again glad to sue 
a Confederate veteran hold the place, but we do unhesitatingly 
declare that we deprecate the fact that, such positions are held 
by veterans who are trying to discredit and disrupt the division, 
when there are so many worthy, competent and loyal comrade! 
who could fill them with honor to themselves, and with honor 
to the division. 

"General Castleman, Commissioner of Records, is not mak- 
ing any man's record, but is compiling, as far as possible, rec- ! 
ords as they are proven to exist, and we have confidence M 
Comrade Castleman doing his" duty under the laws of the State, j 

DECORATION DAY. 

"How, comrades, in regard to Decoration Day. We havJ 
been charged with attempting to change Memorial Day the 3rd! 
of June, President Davis' birthday, and a legal holiday in our 
State, because we have designated April 6 as Division' Decora- j 
tion Day, after the division had been slighted on our Statal 
Memorial Day, June 3.. Our Constitution says: 'Each campj 
brigade and division shall have full authority to designate its] 
own Decoration Day/ Thus we have full authority to name! 
our division day, when we can peacefully go and decorate the! 
graves of our comrades in the name of our own division. This] 
we do without attempting to change our State Memorial Day, 

26 



On the contra^, W6 offlcinlly n-rugiiized it at the Alexandria 
Convention, which was \\w iir.st official recognition by the Lou- 
isiana Division of our State Memorial Day. 

"And now this convention, after considering all the facts, 
and with personal knowledge of the disturbing elements which 
have placed this division in a false position, does hereby fully 
indorse and justify General T. W. Castlema-n's course as Com- 
mander, and in regard to the military records, and congratulates 
General Thomas J. Shaffer, our present Commander, for his 
consistent and loyal defense of our division in supporting Gen- 
eral Castleman." 

The above resolutions are signed by A. B. Anderson, Camp 
R. k Lee No. 14, TI C. Y. 

After reading the above resolution, General Booth, t the 
Chairman, moved its adoption, which was duly seconded. 

Comrade E. F. Konkie, of Camp No. 1, asked, as a dele- 
gate from that camp, that they be permitted to vote blank 
on the resolution, which was granted, otherwise the resolution 
was unanimously adopted. 

The convention then adjourned until Friday morning, Sept. 
30, at 10 A. M. 



THIRD DAY PROCEEDINGS. 
Friday, 10 A. M. 

Convention called to order by Major General T. J. Shaffer, 
and was opened with prayer by Major A. S. Frosser, D. D., 
Assistant Chaplain General. 

Report of the Adjutant General, Lieutenant Colonel, M. L. 
Costley, Assistant Adjutant General, in the absence of Colonel 
L. H. Gardner, confined at home, too ill to attend, submitted, 
and read the following report: 

REPORT OF L. H. GARDNER, ADJUTANT GENERAL AND 
CHIEF OF STAFF. 

"Headquarters Louisiana Division, 
"New Orleans, Sept. 27, 1910. 

"To Major General TJws. J, Shaffer, 

"Commanding Louisiana Division, TJ. C. Y. 

: ' General : 

"I herewith present my report covering matters pertaining 

to my deportment during the past year. 

27 



"4 






v 



"First — I present a list of those camps whichj by haVixf 
paid dues to both the General Headquarters and to this Divi- 
sion, are entitled to representation in the present convention 
It is as follows: 



CAMPS WHICH HAVE PAID 1910 DUES. 



Camp 



1 
3 
6. 

7. 

9. 

14. 

16. 

37. 

38. 

40. 

62. 

7S. 

110, 

182. 

183. 

193. 

196. 

247, 

345, 

379, 

409, 

490, 

545, 

548, 

551, 

580, 

607, 

634, 

798, 

1074, 

1093, 

1111, 

1142, 

1185, 

1232, 

1272,- 

1484.- 

1497.- 

1503.- 



.- — Army of Northern Virginia, New Orleans, 

— General Le Roy Stafford, Shreveport.. 

— Jefferson Davis, Alexandria. 

— Ruston. Ruston. 

— Confederate Cavalry. 

— R. E. Lee, Gpelousas, 

— Henry St. Paul, New Orleans. 

—Baton Rouge, Baton Rouge. 

— Victor Maurin, Donaldsonville. 

— Natchitoches, Natchitoches. 

— Calcasieu Conf . Veterans, Lake Charles. 

— Amite City, Amite. 

- — Irish Norwood, Legonier. 

—Henry W. Allen, Monroe. 

— John Peck, Sicily Island. 

— Lake Providence, Lake Providence. 

— Braxton Bragg, Thihodaux. 

— Fred N. Ogdeu, Hope Villa. 

— Florian Cornay, Franklin. 

—Griffin, Farmetsville. 

—Louden Butler, Benton. 

— Henty Gray, Coushatta. 

—General T. W. Scott, Minden. 

— Caliborne, Homer. 

—Henry Gray, Timothy P. O. 

— Mouton-Gardnerj Lafayette. 

—Vermillion, Abbeville. 

— Aleibiades De Blanc, Jeanerette. 

—West Feliciana, St. Francisville. 

— Ponchatoula, Ponchatoula. 

—Hammond, Hammond. 

—Franklin Sharpshooters, Winnsboro. 

—General F. T. Nieholls, Napoleonville. 

— S. E. Hunter, Clinton. 

—New Roads, New Roads. 

— Chas. J, Batclielor, Mains P. O. 

—St. Helena, Greensburgh. 

—Pendleton Groves, Leesville. 

— Alcibiades Le Blanc, St. Francisville. 

28 



1529. w. Siol.c, Tallulali. 

.1003.— David Pearson, AVinnfield. 
1702, — Camp Vining, Oak Grove. 

"The following camps, at time of this report, are in ar- 
rears to both the Division and .General Headquarters: 

Camp IS '....:■ 451 628 

Camp 33 631 

Camp 41 ............. 229 670 

.Camp 60 264 671 

Camp 352 270 749 

Camp 178 589 909 

Camp 937 .,......,,.... . 1238 . ; - 1465 

Camp 1485 '. ■-.: '. .V. 1508 

"Roster of the Personal Staff: 

Thos. J. Shaffer, Major General Commanding, Frank- 
lin, La. 
Lt.-Col. O. D. Brooks, 1st Asst. Adjutant Genl. 
Lt.-Col. M. L. Costley, 2nd Asst. Adjutant Genl. 
Lt.-Col. H. C. Rogers, Inspector Genl. 
Major Thos. Higgins, Asst. Inspector Gen'l, 
Major Ozenie Naquin, 2nd Asst. Inspector Genl. 
Lt.-Col. Honore Dugas, Paymaster Gen'l. 
Major L. H. Marrero, Asst. Paymaster Gen'L 
Lt.-Col. Alden McLellan, Quartermaster Gen'l. 
Major Chas. Santana, Asst. Quartermaster Gen'l. 
Lt.-Col. Geo. H. Tiehenor, M. D., Commissary Gen'l. 
Major Edmund JVIcCollam, Asst. Commissary Gen'l. 
Iit.-Col. D. M. Key, M. D., Surgeon Gen'l. 
Major Wm. M. McGaillard, M. D., Asst. Surgeon Gen'l. 
Lt.-Col. W. W. Leake, Judge Advocate Gen'l. 
Major W W. "Whittington, Asst. Judge Advocate Gen'l. 
Lt.-Col. A. G. BakeweU. D, D., Chaplain Gen'l. 
Major R. H. Prosser. D. D., Asst. Chaplain Gen'l. 

"Past Major Generals: 

Major General AY. J. Behan, New Orleans. - 
Major General John Glenn, New Orleans. 
Major General Geo. O. Watts (dead), Alexandria. 
Major General B. F. Eshleman, New Orleans (dead). 
Major General W. G. Vincent, New Orleans. . 
Major General John McGrath, Baton Rouge. 
Major General E. H. Lombard (dead), New Orleans. 
Major General "W. H. Tunnard, Iraia. 

29 






Major General J. Y. Gilmore (dead). Now Orleans 
Major General J. A. Chalaron (dead), New Orleans. 
Major General George H. Paekwood, Clinton. 
Major General Leon Jastremski (dead), New Orleaifl 
Major General J. B. Levert, New Orleans. 
Major General 0. A. Bouillon (dead). 
Major General A. B. Booth, New Orleans. 
Major General Albert Estopinal, New Orleans. 
Major General J. Alphonse Pradhomme, Bermuda 
Major General T. W. Castleman, New Orleans. 

" History Committee: 

Colonel Howell Carter, Baton Rouge. 
Major W. C. Stubbs, New Orleans. 
Major Frank L. Richardson, New Orleans. 

"The Financial Statement, condensed, is as follows: 

RECEIPTS. 

Balance on hand last report, Sept. 9, 1909 $167 63 

Contributed by members of Staff ..'..- 21910 

Dues received from Camps 93 65 

Balance donated by N. 0. Reunion of 1906 ..... ' 25^32 

$505.70 

niSBTJBSEMENTS. 

Stationery, printing, postage, and exchange, and inci- 
dental to Alexandria and Mobile Reunions 357.80 

Balance on hand $1£I 90 

"Respectfully submitted, 

"L. H. GARDNER, 
"Col.-Adjt-Gen and Chief of Staff, 

"La. Div.. U. C. Y. J 



Committee on History submitted its report through its] 
Chairman, Lt Col, Howell Carter, who read the following elab-' 
orate and instructive paper, entitled "RIGHT OR WRONG 

RIGHT OR WRONG. 

"The Major General commanding asked if I would not de^ 
liver an address, or write something for our Reunion, and as 
there is only a remnant of our grand old army left, we should 
not refuse to say what we know, or what we think of that 

30 



epoch in American history that will forever stand out as a great 
line of demarcation— a line that will point to the old South 
in all the glories of her magnificence, followed by the great 
crash of the ages, and then the new and young South rising 

in its might from the ashes of the old. 

"No subject was allotted me but the latitude permitted 
gives me a great privilege, and feeling that I should not abuse 
it too much, I will at least announce that my theme shall be 
''Right or Wrong" — -and what a diversity of opinion there is 
on those two little words ! ' Right is that which accords with 
Iruthfi propriety, justice or the Will of God. J Whatever is 
contrary to right is wrong, but now we have the fine lines to 
draw. First though, we will ask this question. Was it right 
for a people to engage in a traffic by which they enriched 
themselves, and when they had unloaded their ill-gotten gains 
upon others,' throw up their hands in holly horror at the enorm- 
ity of such crimes? And yet such we can prove to have been 
one of the forerunners of our great internecine war. 

"We deny that slavery itself was the direct and only cause 
of this crash, but if we undertake to trace their sources, if we 
follow all the little rivulets that meandered through the coun- 
try and emptied in the rivers that flowed down to make this 
mighty ocean of upheaval, we might find ourselves like the 
traveler who enquired of a small boy the way to Greenville. 
'Ho you see that barn of ours?' pointing in the direction of 
such; 'well, you go there and take that lane, and go about a 
mile and a half, then you will come to a branch that you 
will have to cross on a slippery-elm log — you be mighty kecr- 
ful, stranger, about going on that 'log, you may fall into the 
branch, and then you go on up uptil you get to the top of the 
hill, and there the roads fork, and yon take the left-hand and 
keep it until you get into a big plum thicket, and when you 

get there why then, then, then — ' 'What then? 5 'Then, 

stranger, I'll be hanged if yon ain't lost?' And thus it is, my 
friends, with any of us who undertake to give the details that 
led to this irrepressible conflict; but to prove that we were 
right — that it would have been unmanly not to have stood up 
for that right, we will show from their own acts, and their 
own mouths, that if we can put it in no other language, they 
goaded us on to desperation, and then put the chip on their 
heads, and dared us to -knoek it off, and the South was never 
known to cringe when conscience whispered that it was right. 
Now, which came nearer being right, to buy and use slaves, 
treating them humanely, as nine out of ten of all masters 
did, or to slip over to the African coast, capture, or steal the 

31 



^ 
-* 



Legroj and bring Jiim to this country aaid aeU him? Old K 



land- started this traffic. to. furnisl 



1 labor for. the vast acr 






C 



her territories; she eased, her. conscience by saying, 'Let us iihi! 
the idle; sinews of the East to develop, the idle fertilities n[ 
the West, out of two refractory negotiations make one mtelli. 
gent, affirmative! thus applying a reason for existence to two 
continents otherwise having none,' New England followed in 
her wake, and what a struggle she had to give up such a lucra- 
tive trade! As an instance when Virginia ceded, to the gen 
eral government, .the northwest .portion of her territory, thy 
Journals tell us that Congress accepted the cession and tipl 
pointed Jefferson of Virginia, Chase of Maryland, and Howard 
of Rhode Island, to prepare a form of government for the new 
territory. Their report, in the handwriting of Thomas JeJfer 
son, contained a clause prohibiting slavery after the year J 800, 
Mr. Speight, of North Carolina, moved to strike out the proH 
hibition. All New England voted 'aye,' every vote north oi' 
Mason and Dixon's line is recorded in the affirmative. ViM 
ginia, Maryland, South Carolina, voted 'no,' and the vote of 
North Carolina was divided- hence you see, by a vote of tM 
solid North the prohibition was stricken out— this on April 
19, 1794'— but it must be remembered that while the South 
crn States were then willing to enact laws prohibiting the furl 
ther introduction of slavery, the North still wanted to gel 
them, and sell them to the South. Even further back than 
that _ we find that Virginia, in 1778, passed an act prohibiting 
the importation of any slave into the commonwealth— but thin 
law was practically repealed by the solid vote of New England 
m the convention of 1787— and not until about 1807 did out Ne^J 
England friends see the great wrong of slavery. 

'■"Wh. Smith, of South Carolina, in the Scnats of thfl 
I mted States, in 1820, said: 'As soon as this slave trade waS 
cut off \>y the Act of Congress of 1807, the sinfulness of 9 
presented itself in glaring colors, both with our Eastern friends! 
and the British.' Nathaniel Macon, of North Carolina, said inf 
the same debate: 'With all the sins of holding slaves; we havdl 
not that of going to Africa for them.. They have been brought 
to us by the citizens of the States which hold none. The onljH 
time in Congress that T have ever heard the slave trade defl 
fended Was \n- a member from the same State with the genB 
tleman from Rhode Island.' To Mr, Leigh Robinson, of VirB 
gima, J am indebted for some of these references; he declaresB 
'That the South has been condemned at the bar of civilizatioJB 
for holding the negro in bondage. Of all the cruel ironies oil 
fate, none seems quite so sardonic as the turn of events whichj 

32 



i made New England the judge and executioner of Virginia, for 
I he sin of slavery.' 

"No, my friends, it was not slavery in itself that prompted 
the North to wage such an unrelenting war against us, but wear- 
ing the cloak of humanity and philanthropy, and raising the 
cry of freedom for the oppressed they went on and on to ex- 
tremes even applauding the action of John Brown m march- 
ing into our country to incite resurrection among the negroes; 
and now what do we hear flashed over the wires; that John 
Brown who marcehd into Virginia with murderous intent, was 
a. martyr and his statue should be in the hall of fame at Wash- 
ington To this we say nothing, if the people of Kansas think 
that John Brown's statue should be placed by the side of their 
great Senator, John J. Ingalls, let them have him. 

"Robert B. Lee— then of the United States Army— who cap- 
tured Brown at Harpers Ferry, with a benign countenance of 
magnanimity and forgiveness, one of, if not the grandest figure 
of the century, will be there representing Virginia, Yes! they 
goaded us on and on until, at last, we had to ask them to give 
'up our forts, to vacate our territory, and when they would not 

■ do it our guns were trained upon Sumter, and their point was 
rained— the 'Stars and Stripes' had been fired upon, and all 
were called on to rally around the flag, and the world was 

, asked to give them aid. 

"My comrades I have not been attempting to prove that 
the South wanted the freedom of the slaves. I have simply 
been showing you that the North never made any strenuous 
efforts along that line until the slave traffic was prohibited 
by law. AVe all know that slavery, though not the only cause, 
was an entering wedge that went deeper and deeper as the 
years rolled round, to widen the breach between the sections. 
If e go back to the original thirteen States, seven were known 
as free, and six as slave, and the very organization of our 
Government was founded upon compromises. The Constitution 
could never have been adopted had it not been distinctly under- 
stood that each State had rights, which the General Govern- 
ment could not interfere with, and these safeguards, as they 
were then considered, thrown around the organic instrument of 
our existence, after being battered by time, and the exigencies 
of occasion, proved to be a veritable sword of Damocles; hence, 
the country soon became divided into two bitterly opposing 
factions. One believing in a central government, controlling 
absolutely the whole country, the other in. the State Rights 

33 






doctrine, and step by step, this contrariety of opinion tfrflfl 
silently, but steadily, until the irrepressible conflict; was npol 
us, and no power on earth could stem the torrent. Tim North 
wanted a protection tariff; the South did not; the South I'm 
years had practically been in control of ' the Government, mill 
the Hon, Jas;' G. Blaine, in his 'Twenty Tears of OouhtonnI 
speaking of these intellectual giants who ruled in Coiitfi'oJ 
says that 'these statesmen were almost, without exception, men 
of high integrity, and they were especially and pealously'viiM 
ful of the public money — too often ruinously lavish in (limr 
personal expenditures, they believed in an economical gov. 
eminent, and throughout the long period of their dominuLioffl 
guarded the treasury with rigid and unceasing vigilance agtiiill 
every attempt at extravagance and against every form of coC 
ruption. ' 

"Those were the men who guided and guarded the di'Hll 
nies of the South— those were the men who had watched t£j 
march of events — who knew that the fanatics wen in powOH 
would be unbearable, and declared that secession was right [ 
and ive believed that we were right in defending that right j 
of course, there are men of to-day, who think that the crad 
could have been avoided, but I am not one of them. To mo it 
simply was inevitable, and if it only proves to have been n 
crucible through which we passed, and our country and oul 
people prove to be refined gold in grandeur and greatness, I.Ih 
fight was not in vain, and still we were right. We are ashamed 
of nothing we did, and we glory in the heritage that can he 
transmitted to our children! 

"There are other countries, and other times, that have h;nl 
illustrious warriors, but something has happened to mar till 
memory of most of them; if you remember, one goes down fifl 
the grave of a debauchee, one finds out the base ingratituelj 
of man to man, and dies by the hand of him whom he trusted 
most. Another whose 'game was empires, and whose stakes won 
thrones/ languishes upon a lonely isle, and his soul takfl 
its flight with no tears of sorrow around him, but our heroes, tn 
they lived, so they died, Christian warriors, loved and hon 
ored to the last. Think of him who, in the language of the 
lamented Jefferson Davis, 'bent on obtaining a victory whioj 
he demeed essential to his country's cause, rode to the accom- 
plishment of his object, while his very life blood was fad 
ebbing away, and among the shining ohsts of the great and 
good who cluster around the banner of their country, there 
exists no purer spirit, no more heroic soul than that 'of the 
illustrious Albert Sidney Johnston/ 

34 



" There are others, too numerous to mention, "but as Mr. 
Robinson declared, { We turn to Robert Lee and say- There is 
one, who, in place of taking from others every present they 
might offer, grandly gave all he had of mind, body and estate 
lo others. There is" one who trod the path of self-denying 
greatness. There 'is one who scaled the last heights ; in whose 
majestic person defeat is transfigured into victory/ 

It is not in human misfortune nor in human power to efface 
the eminence in which he abides, nor to efface us if we are not 
worthy of it. Long as there is reverence for honor; long as 
there shall linger an honor to revere, the earnest, the fearless, 
the true will bow down to him who, having the option of all 
that this world has to give thought of duty first, of self last. 
Success does not constitute his glory— his glory is enhanced, 
etherealized, more gloriously revealed by what the world calls 
his- defeat. ' Sordid success is as dust in the balance by the 
side of it. Viewing him as the concentration of our own soul 
as embodying the high duty, the sacred conscience, the mar- 
tyred valor which bore aloft his standard, his fame is the proud- 
est possession ever vouchsafed to any people of any country, 
in any age. We fight behind the fortress of an unsullied Ufa 
while WQ have him for Captain/ and who dares say we are 
wrong jn enshrining in our hearts' memories of these grand 
and sublime heroes — and that we were hot right in following 
where they led, and that we are not right in having our re- 
unions, our decorations and our memorials, and to feel 

" 'That though the cypress 'round us twines 
7 Tis sweeter than some laurel wreaths/ 

"And now, my friends, we will touch upon that black 
page in American history. That clause in the act establishing 
a bruean of relief for freedmen and refugees, authorizing the 
Commissioner to lease for a term of three years, not more 
than forty acres of land, which had been abandoned by the 
owners, to every male refugee or citizen, was the entering wedge 
into the greatest block of villainy that any government ever 
cut, marked and squared for the purpose of using as good work 
in the building of its great edifice of usefulness. Unscrupulous 
men at once saw beautiful rills trickling down this great rich 
mountain side, which they could utilize, wheh by a little manip- 
ulation they could cause to wash the gems, and riches of the 
South into their own laps. Then the whispered words were 
passed around, 'Stick to us, my colored brother, and we will 

35 






see tq it that you get forty acres of land and a mule.' Whn 
magic ords those proved to bo! 'Forty acres and a inula' \Uv 
Shibboleth of the unscrupulous reconstructioniste who alalniM 
that they wanted none but the truly annointed Gileadite.N, polnj 
ing to the true men of the South as Ephraimies, uid when Mum 
could not pronounce their Shibboleth their edict was to' Mown! 
them, and when the Southerner was once down on their hlna] 
list, he was ever on the look out for a scourge, and he soldnffl 
failed to get it for the page then being written was the bliickaij 
in American history, a page so filled with foulness as alimwL fj 
dim the eye that reads it, or blister the tongue that spoftlfl 
of it, a page reeking in such filth and diabolical deeds as to ran 
der it impossible to find a parallel in the annals of Ancient o| 
Modern history. .Byron tells us that the Corsair 

'Left a name to other climes 
Linked with one virtue and a thousand crimes.' 

His love for Medora was the softening influence that rendurofl 
him somewhat human at times, and after scuttling a ship, or 
cutting a throat, one look from her would cause :he only sparli 
of hu'mankindness that glimmered in his breast to shine forth for 
a moment at least, but where in all this broad Southland, whoa 
that black page of American history was beng written,, win 
any spark of human kindness? The Conrads.were at large, hut 
where were to be found the Medoras to soften t-ieir blackonofl 

hearts. Wars, cruel and devastating, have been rought; cri I 

m all their hideousness have been committed, men have hem 
last into seething flames and boiling oils, every nation and evor3 
:-lime has witnessed some black deeds ; even religion has been ivn 
dered fanatical, and has had its Bartholomews. Puritanism h3 
run wild, and used the stock and stake; but where on eartfl 
has ever been found such ciissedness, such deviltry, such eolfl 
blooded, calrulated rascality, as stained abroad in the South 
land during the dark days of reconstruction. \Fken a South 
erner's. thoughts are allowed to stray back to that cess-poo] ol 
rottenness, that blackened page of blackest history, he thinld 
of the Zoroastrianism of the ancient Persians, when the dark 
spirit of Ahriman was constantly striving to destroy the good 
creations of Ormuzd, by producing every evil that could bi 
thought of. Who saye New Orleans was wrong for her 14th ol 
September, and that the Felicianas, Grant and other parishes 
verenot right for rising in their might and 'crushing out this 
viper. - _ ...".'. 

36 



"But those days, my comrades, are past and gone, even that 
has been forgiven. God, in His benign wisdom, has brought 
the old warring elements together, and a great and glorious 
country is now ours and theirs — their sons and ours are the 
nation's defenders — the bulwark of our happiness and pros- 
perity, and each one feels proud of the inheritance that is his. 
There are but few Heyburns left in the land, and the Wattrouscs 
and that type of manhood will soon drive such narrow-minded- 
ness into their small dens, with the door of forget fulness slammed 
in their faces, 

"Yes! 

" 'God in His wise mysterious ways 
Saw fit our flag to fold; 
Perhaps to pour upon us brighter rays, 
And for us a grander mission hold. 
We'll question not His wisdom great; 
We onl yknow we fought for right — 
For Home, for Honor, and our State, 
And never will we hide that light.' 

And our ardent wish is that the sentiment upon the monument 
in Charleston, South Carolina, will find lodgment in the breasts 
of future generations, that they will 

" 'Recognize that these were men 

Whom power could not corrupt, 

Whom death could not terrify, 

Whom defeat could not dishonor; 

And let their virtues plead for just judgment 

Of the cause in which they perished. 

" 'Remember, 
That their State taught them 
How to live and how to die, 
And that from her broken fortunes 
She has left to her children 
The one priceless legacy of their memories; 
Teaching all who may 
Claim the birthright 

That 
Truth, Courage, and Patriotism 
Endure forever.' 

"In the weird and mythical tales found in Eastern poetry, 
there is one in particular referring to the strange and wonder- 

37 



ft 



fal tree upon whose branches, .grew golden, apples, and NilvOP 
bells, and whenever a breeze shook the , fragrant brandies, a 
shower of golden apples would fall, and the bells owuldchimfl 
and tinkle forth their sweetest sounds. 



1 'In our hearts there is, such a tree, loaded down will) 
fragrant fruit, and tinkling bells of sweetest memories, and 
whenever the chimes of other ages, and other, nations are tval'lnl 
over the breezes, our tinkling bells in whisperings sweet, will 
vibrate upon Southern hearts with its cadence soft and low- 
it will tell of America's grandest epoch— it will tell tlat thd 
old South has left a heritage to this younger generatiai Ihiil 
will cast a halo of glory around them, that will sweeten thoit 
lives in spite of every effort to obliterate the memory— r-yea, Li Un 
the sandal wood, it will sweeten the ax that attempts to do 
stroy it. It will tell, too, of another reason why, we know \vm 
were right— it will whisper of the twinkling stars, whose refill 
gent rays so often shed brightness over our darkened wayn, 
When these sweet memories are wafted back to us, we almon 
wish that Endymion like we, could acquire the faculty of alwayi 
being young, but there would be one. serious objection .to till! 
perversion of nature's laws— for were we always youig, Urn 
sweet girls of the Confederacy, who sang to us, 'Cheei, boys, 
cheer, you are marching on to victory/ and who sonetimoM 
gave us the good-bye kiss and said 'God Bless You/ thk glori- 
ous element behind the. throne would -perhaps, have is tied 
down with chains of love that, could never be broken or shared 
with others, but God in His great wisdom, knew best out want! 
and He has blessed us with powers of sweet memories, and $1 
love ithin us that buds, and fooolms for a glorious environ- 
ment; hence, the memory of that sublime Southern womanhooil 
is ours to cherish, and the love of these superb womsn and] 
sweet girls, fit representatives, of tliat pure, and immaculaU) 
race fills our hearts to overflowing, Yes ! , - 



" 'The Rebel boys, when young, and gay, 

Fearmed naught save frowns from girls they loved; 

And he who dared at home to stay, 

Met just deserts, and quickly moved; 

And now, when these old boys are gray, 

Their hearts are filled with tenderest love, 

With memories which will ever stay, 

And for these we '11 thank our God above. ' ] 



38 



Major K. U RlohardsODj oJ! this History Committee, then read 
a historical pmwv on Camp "Moore," and those who attended 
there in 1861, as follows: ' 

CAMP MOORE, 

And Those Who Tented There in 1861. 

New Orleans, La.,' -September 20, 1910. 

"A recent visit to this old camp ground, recalled to mind 
the many who gathered there in 1861, in the gray uniform of the 
young Confederacy, to train for the great conflict then coming 
on. . They were all young men, we would now look upon them 
as mere boys. They were of all classes, sons of rich men, 
poor men, the hardy laborer, the delicate school boy, 'Duke's 
sons, Cok's sons/Sons of a Hundred Earles/ The^ eame 
there in companies, headed by their captains and lieutenants. 
Each man, proud of his own company, and thinking no man 
equal to his captain. He had a vague idea of what actual 
war meant, but there was a prevailing "idea that there would 
be actual hand to hand fighting, and in most instances, long 
knives and dirks were carried. These are still to be seeri in 
many of the da geurreo types taken at the camp to send back 
home. The belief was also general that one man was equal 
to seven Yankees. They were confirmed in this by the war 
orators of that day. The newspapers told them the same thing 
— strange to say, this was about the proportion of their en- 
emy to them, as the war drew to a. close. 

"There, was another idea, among these young soldiers, that 
had arrived here, without the slightest knowledge of a soldier's 
life, in the camp, on the march, and on the battlefield. This 
was, that the officers and soldiers of the ranks, woul dbe on 
an. equality. It was soon learned that they tented and lived 
apart — one ordered, the other obeyed. Another thing learned 
was that the soldier, no matter how wealthy, could not have 
his servant to wait upon him, but had to do his share of the 
camp work in person, 

' i The company was the military family, in which each one 
lived, and was the limit of his acquaintance, until later, when 
common danger, guard duty, and labor on breast works, brought 
together the men of other companies, and there began to be 
a comradery among them. 

"It also took a long time to become accustomed to wear- 
ing the heavy gray uniforms made of part wool^at that time 
light khaki uniform had not ben thought of. His captain, at 

39 



V 






first, was the greatest man lie knew of, and it did not .seem pos- 
sible that any foe could resist his company with this gre^j 
chieftain at its head. When ten of these companies, with off] 
hnndred each, were made into a regiment with a colonel com- 
manding, and drilled in a solid body, they felt a regimental 
esprit de corps. 

"To the colonel was paid royal homage; and he received 
the salutes of the captains, and all below him, as he passed. 
In froiit of his tent a soldier walked his post, day and night. 

"When he arrived at the seat of war, the soldier found 
that his regiment was put into a brigade, composed of three 
other regiments with a brigadier general in command, and three 
of these latter, were made into a division, and three of these 
into an army corps, and three or more of these into a great 
army, commanded by a full general. The pride he felt in his 
company and captain, was extended to the great army, of which 
he formed a small part. 

"To the armies of the "West, in north Mississippi, and east- 
Tennessee, and of northern Virginia, these men who trained at 
Camp Moore, took up their march. What they did would take 
many volumes to relate. Each Southern State had a Camp 
Moore, with a different name. 

"The general government has published 144 volumes, each 
general of an army, Robert E, Lee excepted; many of the 
corps and divisions, have published their accounts, and they 
fill the book shelves of those of us, of the old days, that take 
a sad pleasure in reviewing the history of times that tried 
men's souls. 

"There is too much detail among them for the busy man to 
read.. They will be useful for a future Gibbon or McCauley. 
I have thought it would be interesting to tell to one of those 
old companies to which the writer belonged, which set out from 
Camp Moore in sixty-one; for what is a great army, but a con- 
tribution of companies — not even details of these can be writ- 
ten: 

"The first rise of the curtain, which showed the drama and 
tragedy of war, was in the Hornet's Nest, at Shiloh, Here was " 
the first shock of battle, and life's high hopes of many ended 
in a moment. Many manly forms, that bore bright bayonets, 
lay stretched upon that bloody ground. 

"Over that field that evening the writer passed, looking 
for lost comrades. As/ far as the sight could reach on the! 
ridge, and in the' valley, men in' all positions, lay the dead, 
and the dying — over them, shadows of night spread like a ■ 

40 



1 



great vulture, with outetrGtflhed wings, blood dropping from 
every feather. Witnoss tlmm again" at Murphysboro, when or- 
dered into the charge at Stoneriver, with their brigade, com- 
manded by their old Colonel, Randell Gibson. On receiving 
the order from John C. Breckenridge, Major General Com- 
manding Division, the Brigade Commander ordered his officers 
around him, told them of the order which meant destruction, 
made them a farewell speech, saying, among other things, i Lou- 
isiana expected every man to do his duty.*- 

"Each commander was given a point towards which to rush. 
The artillery covered the advance with heavy shelling. The 
Thirteenth Regiment met the enemy at the angle of the crossing 
railroads. They rose from behind them, as they came and 
poured volleys of shot into their ranks, rushed in, came to close 
quarters, had a mix up, and seized the arms in the hands 
of many who would not surrender. The loss of life was heavy, 
seventeen officers killed, and wounded. There were nine left 
of the old company ; many had been taken prisoners, and re- 
mained there until the close of the war. 

"Witness them, at Chieamauga, Peachtree Creek, Jones- 
boro, at Franklin, and Nashville. At this last battle, when 
General Hood ordered the retreat, the Louisiana troops were 
ordered upon the rear guard, and this regiment, with but a 
small remnant of those that had trained at Camp Moore, were 
to the rear of these. The enemy's cavalry came down upon, 
them with uplifted sabers. The rain had wet their percussion 
caps. They defended themselves with bayonets. A sergeant 
of the regiment, having lost his. bayonet, was ordered by his 
adversary to throw down his gun; this he did, but attempted 
to take it up again, when he was sabered down to the shoul- 
der. The remnant of the command was saved .by Forest Cav- 
alry, and Fenner's Battery, who drove back the charging 
enemy. 

"When the surrender came at Meridian, in 1865, there were 
seventeen of the old regiment to lay down their arms, out of 
the nine hundred that marched through the streets of New Or- 
leans, with banners flying and bands playing, o ntheir way to 
train at Camp Moore in 'Sixty-one. Three of the old com- 
pany. 

"The old flag was still there— it was cut in pieces, each 
taking a small portion. When in Baton Rouge, some years 
ago, one of the old captains, one of two "now living, called 
the writer aside in his office, and opened a large bible, and 
showed him that precious relic, which was sacred to him, kept 
between the leaves of it. Our children must treasure it also. 

41 






"Along the winding country roadway, from JVIeridiim, llml 
leads across .the Mississippi River to the '.place, ■ whore thdl 
homes stood, on the banks of . the Teche, two foot-sore mid 
weary hoys, the. remnant of that company that had perished 
with its cause, plodded their way homeward, their food givafl 
them from the -scanty store -of. the farmer's wife. 

■ "Another fragment of- the old regiment, J that had eoveraj 

itself with glory, that had been through the fire, and had e< 

out with a corporal's guard, sought its way to its home in 
New Orleans., They .were taken, by water through Lake Ponich- 
artrain, up. the. New Basin Canal, and marched to the corner 
of Lafayette and Camp Streets, whore they were halted, aril 
ordered 'right face, break ranks/ On turning to seek 'their 
homes, policemen arrested them, charging them with wearing 
Confederate uniforms in violation of a city ordinance. Kirni 
citizens came up at once, and gave them citizens' clothes. Nonl 
came to place garlands on their keads 3 no band of music played 
patriotic airs, no chosen orator told of their patriotic deeds, 
and bid them welcome back after four years given in their 
country's service. 

"Another one of the old company Was coming 'back from 
Alexandria; where' the fortunes of war had found him at itij 
close. He saw the victors in that strife come up in their 
battleships, with bands playing, colors flying, and cannon boom- 
ing. 

"As he turned homeward bound, lie saw the sun set red in 
the west, 'typical of the' four years of blood ystrife, on which 
it -set forever. 

"Little did he think that, in -a few years, he would see 
that sun rise again on a land redeemed from the spoiler's heel, 
thaf the soldier, whose ranks were broken, fortune shattered, 
would take up arms again, and drive them out, and free his 
country from the rule of the ex-slave, and alien usurper, 

"In the end. they tasted the fruits of victory ■ l when they 
saw their children, and their children's children enjoying the 
blessing of a government of their own people, and prosperity 
greater than was ever before enjoyed. 

'Almost half a century has passed since those stirring 
times. 

"Men who trod their way homeward, and saw that red 
sunset, still live. Some have become law makers in the national 
halls of Congress; some have taken their set in the Nation's 
Presidential Cabinet; others have been placed upon the Nation's 
Supreme Tribunal, and some have commanded her army. In 

42 



B 



the Hall of I 



i iinie 



Hi,- Nation's Capitol, there has been placed 



the marble form of Um lomler of . that great host, Robert K. 
Lee For what these men did; for the blood they shed; has not 
some reward come to them? Greater than all these, they have 
the love of their countrymen, the approval of their own con- 
science in. their old age, that they have fought the good fight, 
and life's battle has at last been won. 

"Snice those days, a monument has been erected on this 
old camp ground, in commemoration of those Sons of Louisiana, 
who went out to battle, and laid down their lives in her cause. 
Few of them are buried on this spot. In the words of the poet, 
where, 

u 'On fame's eternal camping ground, 

Their silent tents are spread, 
While glory guards with solemn round, 
" The bivouac of the dead. ' 

"Should not there.be another erected, to her who inspired 
him to do such deeds, and. wop for- hi mniuch great renown,who 
nerved him to sacrifice of life on his country's altar? Who, 
like the faithful vestal, kept the light burning, and endured the 
long vigil, until the war drum should be heard no more. 

"Wlien'sicte, and wounded, she was' at his side; when the 
field was left without the master hand, she was there to till 
it; when the children, and aged were left without his care, 
she took his place, and fought the wolf from the door. 

"In remembrance of . her, I would select some fair plain, 
find plant upon it fairest flowers, the white to typify her pur- 
ity; the red, the courageous fire, which she kindled in his breast. 
In the midst of it I would erect a lofty shaft. On one corner 
of its base, there would be her marble figure,- with the soldier 
in his childhood, upon her knee, instilling high ideas to guide 
him in after life; upon another corner, a figure of a woman 
would represent her strewing flowers in remembrance of the 
fallen; -another corner would represent her with hand over 
eye, peering through the distance, with lamy by her side, wait- 
ing- and watching for the soldier's return; on the fourth cor- 
ner, she would be represented with arms supporting the wounded 
soldier. Upon the top of the shaft I would have her standing, 
pointing alof to that heaven, to which the warrior's banner 
has taken its flight. Upon its base there, I would have in- 
scribed the words: 

43. 






The Woman ur the Smith; 
Remember Her.' 






"Half a century, lacking one year, has passed since I.Ihh 
ground was first made into a soldier's training camp. Itul 
few survive, who were leaders of men at this day. The grav 
heads of these few show the flight of time. The men who 
now govern and occupy our Legislature Halls, are the son] 
and grandsons of these. Our State, through them, has puj 
chased this land, placed headstones over the soldiers' gravel 
that lie here, and erected a memorial shaft of granite, and oj 
it placed a soldier in his uniform of gray, to represent thoflj 
who fell while defending her cause, both here and on distant 
battlefields. A most worthy tribute paid by the sons of their 
fathers. 

"This mark of appreciation of the son's of Louisiana's 
soldiers should not stop hero, but their names should be recorded, 
and treasured in the State Capital, and a stone should mark 
each spot on the great battlefield, where htye lost their lives, 
and their bodies laid away in trenches beneath the sod, with- 
out even their names being preserved. This is a debt (ho 
living owe to the dead. 

"The memorial work started at Camp Moore should go on. : 

"FRANK RICHARDSON." 



■ The Committee on Resolutions asked to submit the following 
resolutions with their approval, viz: 

Resolution — 

By the Committee, on Report of Lieutenant Colonel, L. B. 
Claiborne, Judge Advocate General: 

"Resolved, That it be entered on the minutes of this meet- 
ing that the legal opinion of Major L. B. Claiborne, sustained, 
and endorsed General Castleman's course as Major General! 
which opinion was given in writing to the Adjutant General/ 5 

Comrade A. B. Booth, the Chairman, moved the adoption 
of the resolution, which was duly seconded, and passed unani- 
mously. 

44 






Resolution — 

By C. P. Richard, Commander Camp 14, on School Books: 

"Resolved, That we earnestly endorse, and recommend the 
resolution offered by our esteemed comrade, Dr. G. II. Tiehenor. 
of New Orleans, already approved by the State Reunion of the 
IT. C. V. at Alexandria, La., in 1909. protesting against the dis- 
simulation of the false history of the United States, distributed 
to the public schools of our country." 

Comrade A. B. Booth, the Chairman, moved the adoption 
of the resolution, which was duly seconded, and passed unani- 
mously. 



Resolution — 

B C. P. Richard, Commander Camp 14, recommending 
monument in memory of Brigadier General Alfred Mouton : 

"Resolved, That we urgently ask that the organizations of* 
the United Confederate Veterans, United Sons of Confederate 
Veterans, and the United Daughters of the Confederacy, and 
all other sympathizing societies, be requested to use their best 
efforts towards collecting, and raising funds to "assist in the 
erection of the monument to the memory of Brigadier General 
Alfred Mouton. and the Louisiana Confederate Veterans at Ope-" 
lousas. ' ' 

Comrade A. B. Booth, the Chairman, moved the adoption 
of the resolution, which was duly seconded, and passed unani- 
mously. 



Resolution — 

By Comrade A. B. Anderson, of Camp 14, relative to the 
monument to be erected to the Women of the South: 

"Whereas, at the Mobile Reunion of the United Confed- 
erate Veterans, in 1910, approved and recognized as set forth 
in General Orders Xo. 3, dated June 1:5, 1910, the committee 
now in charge of the work of erecting in each Southern Stale 
a monument to our glorious women of the Confederacy; and 

"Whereas, the State of Louisiana, by act of the Legisla- 
ture, at its session of 1910, approved of and necouraged the 

45 



movement of erecting in this State a monument in memory of 
the noble women of the South, commemorating the devotion 
fidelity, and self-sacrifice of the women of the South tin rind 
the 'War between the States,' and granting permission In erom 
said monument on State property, or elsewhere to be seleetodj 
and approving the design of the monument selected by tin 
committee. Now, therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That this convention approves and ratifies I ho 
action of the U. C. V. Reunion at Mobile, of 1910, as set forffl 
in General Orders No. 3, above set forth, and in the action of 
the Legislature, at its session of 1910, an ddo hereby urge ami 
request the earnest support, and hearty co-operation of all tlfl 
camps and veterans throughout this division, to use evvxy eftopl 
to create an interest, and assist in this most worthy object 

"Resolved further, That we do most earnestly nrge, and 
request the co-operation of all Confederate organization! 
throughout this division, the citizens of our State, and all per 
sons enlisted in this grand movement,* to lend their aid, and 
assistance to the committee in charge. 

"Resolved, further. That the selection of Comrade T. VV 
Castleman, as Chairman of the State Committee, be, and tin- 
same is hereby approved, and that a suitable committee to bj 
selected by the commander of the division, and the Chairman <3 
the State Committee, be appointed to assist, and carry out Huh 
most worthy enterprise, and that every dignified effort be macM 
to have this monument erected in this State to the women of 
the Confederacy, who were the heroines, so that future gencrfl 
tions may have some evidence of the love, and veneration wilh 
which the Confederate soldiers regarded the noble, and sell 
sacrificing women of their day, 

"Resolved, further, That the plan adopted by the commit 
tee now in charge, viz: That a day be selected and set aside, 
to be know as 'Monument Day,' as fully set forth in a circular 
issued by said committee, be and the Commander of this division 
is hereby requested to assign the date of same." 

Comrade A. B. Booth, the Chairman, moved the adoption 
of the resolution, which was duly seconded and passed unani- 
mously. 



"Resolved, Thai the I hanks of this convention are hereby 

tendered ii> Comrade, Major A. L. Slack, of Camp 1529, Tal- 
lubih. La., for Ids untiring energy in collecting, and raising suf- 
ficient funds lor the purpose of erecting suitable markers on 
the positions occupied by the Louisiana troops on the battlefield 
at Vicksburg, a self-sacrificing work with no compensation, ex- 
cept that which comes to the heart of a loyal Confederate, in 
liis devotion to the fame of his fallen comrades." 

Comrade A. B. Booth, the Chairman, moved the adoption 
of the resolution, which was duly seconded and passed unani- 
mously. 



Resolution — 

By Comrade M. L. Costley, Camp 9, tendering thanks D 
Major A. L. Slack, of Camp 1520: 

46' 



The Major General then introduced the following ladies 
representing Confederate organizations : 

Mrs. M. C. Gottschalk, President Louisiana Division, United 
Daughters of Confederate Veterans. 

Mrs. Anna B, Babin (daughter of our late Past Commander- 
General 0. A. Bullion). State Organizer Louisiana Division. 
United Daughters of Confederate Veterans. 

Mrs. J. Mayer, President of Gordon Chapter, Louisiana 
Division, United Daughters of Confederate Veterans, of Ope- 
lousas. 

Miss Alice Juge, an attractive and lovely young lady, read 
a poem, "The Confederate Soldier/' a beautiful dedication to 
the memory of those who wore the gray, made doubly so by the 
beautiful manner in which it was recited. 

The Commander extended a general invitation to the Vet- 
erans to address the convention, and called on Comrade L. B. 
Claiborne, who responded in an eloquent address, in which he 
paid a high tribute to the women of the South. 

Addresses were also delivered by General A. B. Booth. 
Major W. "W. Whittington, Major R. H. Prosser, and Comrade 
John N. Ogden, all of which were of an entertaining, and in- 
structive nature, and were listened to with great attention by 
the veterans and citizens present. It is regretted that their 
speeeches were not reported, so that they could be published 
in the minutes. 

47 






The Commander announced that the election ni a now 
Commander was in order. Major A. B. Anderson, of ('amp 1 fcj 
in an eloquent, and appropriate address, nominated the presold 
Commander, General Thos. J. Shaffer, who vactcd the chair, and 
called General T. W. Castleman to preside. This nomination 
was seconded by Comrades Tiehenor, Claiborne. Whittingtom 
and Prosser. Dr. Prosser, in seconding the nomination of 
General Shaffer to succeed himself, spoke in a most earned 
manner, detailing the circumstances under which young Shaffer 
joined the First Louisiana Battalion, under the gallant CharlH 
DreauXj and went to battle lines in Virginia, in April 1861; 
and how he served until the war ended in May, 1865. 

It was moved by Comrade Anderson, duly seconded, and 
carried, that the nominations be closed, and that General Shaf- 
fer he elected by a rising vote; which was clone amidst great 
enthusiasm. 

The President pro-tern, then announced General Thos. J. 
Shaffer duly elected to succeed himself, and appointed Com! 
rades Booth, and Prosser to conduct him to the chair, and pre- 
sented to the comrades their new Commander, calling their 
attention to the unusual honor extended to General Shaffer, 
as this is the first time in the history of the organization thai, 
a Commander ever succeeded himself in this division; show- 
ing the respect and confidence which his comrades entertain for^ 
him. 

General Shaffer, on resuming the chair, seemed deeply af- 
fected by the demonstration of the confidence his comrade! 
had in him, and it was some moments before he could trust, 
himself to express to them his feelings, when he spoke as follows: 

"My Comrades of the Confederate Army: 

'"I am absolutely overwhelmed at the demonstration of con- 
fidence, and affection you are entending me in making me agafl 
the Commander of the Louisiana Division, 1'. 0, V. In accepj 
ing this, the highest honor on earth, the like of which no other 
man in our organization ever had, I cannot find words fitting 
to tell you how I love you all. and how near m yhcart you alU 
are. 

48 



"My Comrades, I am not deserving of all this honor; to be 

placed again at the head of our noble organization; I have 
done nothing to deserve such consideration at your bands. 
I have only tried to do my duty, as yo ruCominander, and 
surely a man in my position should not have so much credit 
for doing his duty. I kno wthat plenty of you could have 
served the Division equally as well, and as faithfully, but not 
any more loyally than I have. The concerns for the welfare 
of the Division has at times been great, but it has been a labor 
of love to me, and shall continue to be so. 

"Although our ranks are rapidly growing thinner every 
day, our organization is in splendid condition, and the alacrity 
with which every one of you have responded to the demands 
made upon you, is indicative of the true and devoted com- 
radeship that exists amongst us. Our organization, since its 
formation, has done a world of good work in carrying out 
the historical, and benevolent features of our association. We 
have had splendid men on our History Committee, who have 
assiduously stood guard over the vicious and slanderous writ- 
ings of those who would pervert the truth, and drag down the 
character of the glorious cause for which we, and our dead 
comrades fought for from 1861 to 1865, Our historical papers, 
such as were read at this reunion, will be preserved and handed 
down to some future historian, who is to write a true and 
correct account of the War between the States. Many liberal- 
hearted comrades, whm fortune has been kinder to than to 
some others of us, have not negleeted to aid and assist i nmany 
ways, those who are sick, homeless and helpless. I need only 
point to the magnificent Soldiers' Home in the eity of New 
Orleans; splendidly equipped and managed for the benefit of 
those whose good fortune it is to enter its doors ; there, the splen- 
did women of our land make almost daily visits, their hearts 
laden with all the sweet consolation that brings comfort and 
peace to the lonely hearts of those who dwell within, but their 
never tiring hands go filled with all the delicacies for bodily 
comfort. After I was made Commander of the Division at 
Alexandria, the sad and deplorable condition of many of our 
poor and decrepid comrades, came under my observation, and 
so appealed to me that I determined to do my best, to procure 
the balance of the pension money voted by the people of our 
State in 1906. I invited my personal staff to go with me to 
Baton Rouge, and go before the Governor, and the last regular 
session of our Legislature, and see if we could not get the money 
that actually belonged to those of our comrades who had been 

49 



t 

t- 



found entitled to a pension. My staff rscponded with alacrity, 
filled with the importance of our mission. We met the Governor 
in his office, and presented our case, and he promised us his 
every assistance. We went before the Appropriation Commit-' 
tee, Speaker G. L. Dupre kindly holding the house in adjourn- 
ment until we had presented our case to the committee. As 
Commander of the Division, I addressed the committee, and said, 
'Gentlemen of the Appropriation Committee, I am here to-day, 
representing the Association of United Confederate Veterans, 
Which I consider the grandest organization on eath. To be 
the head of an association, composed of the remnants of those 
gallant regiments that went forward to do battle for Louisiana 
in 1861, I consider more honor than to hold the highest political 
office in the land. I would rather be the Commander of the 
Louisiana Division, U. C. V., than to be a king. Gentlemen, we 
are not before you to-day to ask or beg you for a single cent; 
but, Sirs, we are here to demand at your hands, in a respectful 
manner, what the State of Louisiana owes to our poor old 
comrades, in the shape of pensions. I know you will plead 
poverty for the State, telling us there is no money; but, gentle- 
men, if the Legislature had not created so many useless boards 
and commissions, with their many high-priced officials, and in 
other ways squandered the people's money, there would have 
been sufficient money to pay this just obligation to these poor 
old soldiers, who gave up their j r oung manhood, and everything 
else on earth they possessed, to do battle in defense of Louisi- 
ana's honor.' 

"I told them that the State had not been just to the Con-. 
federate silder, and it was as little as the State could do now] 
to pay these men the little miserable sum which she owed 
them. I told them the conditions were urgent in the extreme, 
and would admit of no further delay, because, unless we could] 
get it at once, it would hardly be of any uset to them, as 
they were passing away fast; that it would only be a short 
time when the State would have no more pensions to pay. 

"To my surprise, my talk was well received, and there was 
not a member of the Legislature horn I spoke to about thei 
matter, but what pledged me his hearty co-operation in my 
effort to get this pension money. And told me to prepare a' 
bill for the relief of our comrades. With the assistance of my 
staff, Ave drew a bill, which was passed, and is now before 
the people, looking to an additional tax of one-fifth of a mill, 
lor the purpose of raising money enough for the balance of the 
pension money allowed under the Constitution, and I believe 
this bill, which is to be voted on at the general election on 

50 



November Sthj will be adopted by a large majority vote; and 
I am assured by the Governor, and other State officials that 
as soon as the measure is endorsed by the people, the Board of 
Liquidation can borrow this money, so that it will become avail- 
able at once. oS that the means of the nine hundred and odd 
of our old comrades, who have been on the waiting list so 
long, can at once be put on the pension rolls. If, in this effort, 
1 have done one thing that will bring one moment of comfort 
or relief to a single one of our dear old comrades, I thank 
God that He has given me strength to do it. I shall, during 
my coming administration, keep up the necessary vigilance 
that may be required to not only see that the pension money 
is fairly, and promptly disbursed, but shall, wit favour add, my 
comrades, see if the sacred debt that Louisiana owes to her 
soldiers of 1S61 cannot be paid in a much more liberal, and 
generous amount. 

(£ Some time ago the idea suggested itself to me that we 
Veterans should know, more ultimately, the Daughters of the 
Confederacy, and understand more of the magnificent work that 
these splendid women are carrying on for us. So I conceived 
the idea that there would be no better way for us to bring about 
this much desired object, than for the Veterans to write the 
Daughters to hold their annual reunions and conventions at 
the same time, and place that we, and the United Sons of Con- 
federate Veterans hold our reunions and conventions; so I ad- 
dressed an official communication to each camn. asking their 
views about the matter, and T am flrlad to inform you that 
it was the unanimous voire of all the camps that T should 
extend R«ch nn invitation to flic Daughters. a<* sueh a move 
nipt with their Wartv fiTvnivwal. T f>t we ftddtwwpcl a enm- 
imi'piPAtinTi to lVTrq. Jfldward ftntfrehaTk. Pmsidnnt rvf the State 
0»*n-nnl7.->tinn of the TTnHftd Daughters of the OAnfaderacv, ex- 
plaining 1 to her our desire, and she at ot>pr made her chanters 
accmarnted with the plan, and after trotting a most, favorable 
rpnlv from nejvrlv all the chanters in the State, she informed 
me offioinlTv that our invitation had been accented, and that 
hereafter the TT. "D. C. would meet in same place, and at same 
time, to hold their annual reunion and convention, that the 
TT. 0, V.. and TT. S. C. V. met So that, from now on. all three 
of these Con Federate organizations will meet at same place, 
and time, and thereby can enioy all the social features of 
the occasions, and become better acquainted with each other, 
and consequently we will aid each other in our noble work, 

"The U. S. C. V. have received at my hands all the 
encouragement possible, and they are here to-day with us in 

51 



^ 



stronger force than usual. Comrades, let us encourage the 
XL S. C. V. in ther noble work to perpetuate the memory of 
their fathers. 

"The Commander of the Division can find plenty of good 
work to do, in keeping the organization in good shape. It 
would be a splendid thing if your Commander was blessed 
sufficiently with money, so that he might visit every camp in 
the State. Keeping them weel informed of the condition of 
the organization, and what was going on in the Division ; a visit 
from the Commander would encourage our comrades to take 
interest in keeping up their camps, and doing the good work 
before us. I am glad to report that I have had the pleasure 
of visiting a good many camps, and have the satisfaction of 
having reorganized several camps that had almost disbanded. 
I shall do my best to keep up this work during my coming 
administration. 

"Comrades, as we part from each other, returning to our 
homes, from this, our harmonious and happy reunion, let us 
pray to the Great Master that all of us may be permitted to 
meet again, at our next reunion, to once more look each other 
in the eye, and clasp the hand of true comradeship, and may 
our hearts respond every time to any comrade in trouble or 
need, with that feeling that is known to none but soldiers who 
have shared mutual dangers, and trials ; on the weary and tire- 
some march, and on the merciless firing line. 

"I shall do the best I can to serve you faithfully aa 
your Commander, and if I can have your strength, and loyal 
support, which you so faithfully gave me during my last admin- 
istration, for this, my coming one, I know I will not fail to 
take care of the Louisiana Division. 

"Thanking you again for the great honor you have con- 
ferred upon me, and wishing you, and your dear ones all the 
joj r , and happiness possible, I will say, God bless you all." 

NEXT REUNION. 

On motion, duly seconded and carried, it was ordered that 
the time and place for holding our next annual reunion and 
convention be left to the discretion of the Commander of the 
Division. 

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RESOLUTION OF THANKS TO CITIZENS OP 
OPELOUSAS. 

By Comrade M. L. Costley, Camp 9, tendering thanks: 

"Whereas, our entertainment in Opeloussa has been so 
universally participated in by the people of that beautiful, 
and historic city, that to attempt to individualize would require 
a census of her beautiful women, and loyal men ; therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That our most sincere thanks, and heartfelt 
appreciation be expressed to the committees in charge, the or- 
ganized associations, and the people at large, for the splendid 
reception, and most enjoyable entertainment of our comrades 
at this reunion. 

"Resolved, further, That they will ever have a place in 
our memory, and in our hearts, and that thanks and apprecia- 
tion are due to Mr. G. H. Cretin, and his wife, for the splendid 
reception extended to our Commander, and his staff, and our 
comrades in general, and that our thanks are also justly ex- 
tended to all the hostelries of this city." 

The above resolution was passed unanimously, 

NOTICE OP PARADE. 

Commander Shaffer notified the convention that a grand 
parade would take place at 2 o'clock P, M., and all "Veterans are 
expected to join it. The Commander also gave notic that the 
Arrangement Committee had perfected all the arrangements 
to entertain all the veterans and their ladies, at a splendid ball 
to be given at the Auditorium, to commence at 8:30 P. M., and 
all were most cordially invited to attend, and enjoy the pleas- 
ures of the evening. 

ADJOURNMENT. 

There being no further business, the Twentieth Annual Con- 
vention of the IT. C, V, (the most happy and harmonious ever 
held by the division), adjourned sine die. 

THE PARADE. ' 

Great interest was taken in the parade, and, indeed, it was 
the most inspiring, and impressive part of the reunion, with 
several bands of splendid music, and with the booming of 

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cannons, the parade started with General ShaftVr, an ! (imvriinr 
Sanders, with several members of their respective staffs, ridinj 
at the head of the columns; following in lino were ;i litrga 
number of Veterans, Sons of Veterans, and United Daughter! 
of the Confederacy, than on former occasions, A special featurd 
of the parade wfts a large number of beautiful women and chifl 
dren, dressed in red, white and red, representing the Confed 
erate colors — riding on floats. A large crowd of people filled 
both sides of the streets along the line of march, and seemed 
filled with real joy and much enthusiasm. 

The city was profusely and handsomely decorated with tlio 
Confederate colors, and presented a martial appearance. 

THE BALL. 

The most attractive feature of this reunion was the splen 
did ball given at the Auditorium. The hall was handsomely 
decorated with Confederate flags, beautiful palms, ferns, ami 
flowers. 

The ball opened with the grand march to the strains of 
dear old "Dixie," and was led by Major General Shaffer, witB 
the Sponsor of the Louisiana Division, Miss Andrepont, a mosl 
graceful and beautiful daughter of Opelousas; and in the march 
could be seen only veterans. rJ >ch one with some beautiful woman, 
forgetting everything else but the days of long ago, when he, 
in reality, was young. 

After the march the floor was reserved for the veterans, 
who were not slow in procuring their partners, and danced the 
Virginia reel, showing at times that they had not forgotten the 
shuffle back step, or even the old "breakdown." 

Seldom have the veterans been so gayly entertained, and 
never has there been collected together such a galaxy of raffl 
beauty, and grace, as honored the Confederate soldiers of the 
Louisiana Division, United Confederate Veterans, in Opelousas. 
And long shall we remember our visit to the Queen City of thi 

Attakapas. 

M. L. COSTLEY, ")Y 

Assistant Adjutant General. 




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